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Resources: A Bibliography of Books on Palestine and the Palestinians

Last revised: October 28, 2008

General and Reference Works The First Intifada
Ottoman Rule Oslo, Camp David, and After
British Rule Israeli Policies and Attitudes
The Palestinian Nakba and Israeli Independence U.S. Policy
Refugees and the Palestinian Diaspora Jerusalem and Christian Communities in Palestine
Palestinians in Israel Gender and Social Issues
West Bank and Gaza Economic and Water Issues
Palestinians in Lebanon Culture, Art, and Archaeology
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Literature

General and Reference Works

Alternative Tourism Group. Palestine and Palestinians: Guidebook. Beit Sahour, Palestine: Alternative Tourism Group, 2005. A guide for activists that covers Palestine from Jordan to the Mediterranean.

Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (ARIJ). An Atlas of Palestine: The West Bank and Gaza. Bethlehem, Palestine: Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (ARIJ), 2000. Valuable collection of 120 maps, 20 satellite images, 35 aerial photographs, and numerous charts, graphs, and illustrations covering historical, political, economic, and cultural features.

Bickerton, Ian J. and Carla L. Klausner. A Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2006. A thorough textbook on the Arab-Israeli conflict, including the civil war in Lebanon, with useful documents and maps.

Carter, Jimmy. Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006. An account of former president Carter’s involvement in peace negotiations; the book is critical of Israel’s actions in the occupied territories.

Cattan, Henry. The Palestine Question. London; New York: Croom Helm, 1988. An analysis of the Palestine problem, from its origins until the 1980s, by a senior Palestinian legal scholar.

Cohn-Sherbok, Daniel and Dawoud Sudqi El-Alami. The Palestine-Israeli Conflict. Oxford, UK: Oneworld, 2003. Discusses the struggle for peace between Israelis and Palestinians, looking at political, religious, historical, and emotional aspects; written by Jewish and Muslim religious scholars.

Dowty Alan. Israel/Palestine, 2nd ed. Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2008. Charts the origins and evolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the motivations and claims of groups involved, and the prospects for resolution.

Farsoun, Samih K. and Naseer Aruri. Palestine and the Palestinians: A Social and Political History, 2nd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview, 2006. An overview of Palestinian history, which adopts a political economy approach and concludes with a sharp critique of the Oslo Accords, particularly for marginalizing the Palestinians in the Diaspora.

Fernea, Elizabeth Warnock and Mary Evelyn Hocking, eds. The Struggle for Peace: Israelis and Palestinians. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992. Profiles of Israeli and Palestinian peace activists, combined with topical essays on peacemaking, which serve as a study guide for the authors’ video on peace activism.

Finkelstein, Norman G. Image and Reality of the Israel-Palestine Conflict, 2nd ed. London; New York: Verso, 2003. The author provides an overview of the Israel-Palestine conflict; examines the parallels of Israeli policy in the occupied territories to South African apartheid; and critically examines the leading Israeli texts.

Gerner, Deborah J. One Land, Two Peoples: The Conflict over Palestine, 2nd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1994. A brief and clearly written textbook on the core issues in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, completed just as the Oslo Accords were signed.

Gilbert, Martin. The Dent Atlas of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 6th ed. London: J. M. Dent, 1993. A pro-Israeli compendium of the battles and border changes.

Gompert, David. Helping a Palestinian State Succeed: Key Findings. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corp., 2005. Short summary of “Key Findings” from the Rand study and proposals.

Harms, Gregory and Todd M. Ferry. The Palestine-Israel Conflict: A Basic Introduction. London; Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto, 2005. A useful condensed history of Israel and Palestine over the past 2000 years.

Heller, Mark A. and Sari Nusseibeh. No Trumpets, No Drums: A Two-State Settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. New York: Hill and Wang, 1991. A wide-ranging dialogue between an Israeli and a Palestinian scholar on key issues, including refugees, settlements, Jerusalem, water, and security.

Institute for Palestine Studies. The Palestinian-Israeli Peace Agreement: A Documentary Record. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1993. U.S., Israeli, and Palestinian documents from the Madrid conference and the Oslo Accords, along with the texts of prior agreements and declarations.

_________. United Nations Resolutions on Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1947-1998, vols. I – V. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1988-99. The complete texts of UN resolutions covering a fifty-year period.

International Quaker Working Party on Israel and Palestine. When the Rain Returns: Toward Justice and Reconciliation in Palestine and Israel. Philadelphia: American Friends Service Committee, 2004. Provides analysis by a 14-member group that visited Palestine, Israel, and neighboring countries to deliberate on what they saw and learned. Includes background information, maps, and extensive bibliography and appendices.

Isacoff, Jonathan B. Writing the Arab-Israeli Conflict: Pragmatism and Historical Inquiry. Lanham, MD: Lexington, 2006. A critique of international relations texts with a focus on the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Joffe, Lawrence. Keesing’s Guide to the Mid-East Peace Process. London: Cartermill Publishing, 1996. A voluminous reference work on the peace accords, which includes descriptions of individual countries and useful biographies.

Kassim, Anis F., ed. The Palestine Yearbook of International Law. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1994/1995 – 2000/2001; Leiden, the Netherlands: Nijhoff, 2002, 2003. A useful source of articles on key Palestinian-Israeli legal issues; currently published biennially (from 1984 – 89, it was published annually).

Kaufman, Edy, Walid Salem, and Juliette Verhoeven, eds. Bridging the Divide: Peacebuilding in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2006. Discussion of the quest for reconciliation in civil society by both communities; the book also contains a directory of over 80 Israeli and Palestinian peace organizations.

Kedar, Benjamin Z. The Changing Land Between the Jordan and the Sea: Aerial Photographs from 1917 to the Present. Jerusalem: Yad Ben-Zvi Press; Tel Aviv: MOD Publishing House, 1999. Tells the history of the land of Israel in the twentieth century through aerial photographs.

Kimmerling, Baruch and Joel S. Migdal. Palestinians: The Making of a People. New York: Free Press, 1993. A sensitive portrait of the struggle to survive, waged by the Palestinians from the 1830s through the Intifada of the late 1980s.

_________. The Palestinian People: A History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003. Israeli authors offer the history of the Palestinian people from their modern origins, including their relationship with the Zionist Movement and State of Israel. (This is the updated version of the 1993 Palestinians: The Making of a People).

La Guardia, Anton. War Without End: Israelis, Palestinians, and the Struggle for a Promised Land. New York: Thomas Dunne, 2002. The author, a British journalist, a diplomatic editor, and a Middle East correspondent for the Daily Telegraph, describes the construction and deconstruction of Israeli and Palestinian nations and national myths.

Laqueur, Walter and Barry Rubin, eds. The Israel-Arab Reader: A Documentary History of the Middle East Conflict, 6th ed. New York: Penguin, 2001. Comprehensive reference book on the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Lesch, Ann Mosley. Origins and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 2nd ed. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2006. Discussion of the conflict as a relationship between two competing national movements, examining its many aspects, including the U.S. role in the region.

Lesch, Ann Mosley and Mark Tessler. Israel, Egypt and the Palestinians: From Camp David to Intifada. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989. A collection of articles on Egyptian-Israeli relations and Israeli policies toward the Palestinians.

Lesch, Ann Mosley and Dan Tschirgi. Origins and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1998. An introductory text focusing on the Israeli-Palestinian relationship, with a chronology, biographies, selected documents, and annotated bibliography.

Lukacs, Yehuda, ed. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A Documentary Record. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992. A compilation of U.S., Israeli, Arab, and international documents, speeches, and letters.

Lustick, Ian S. Unsettled States, Disputed Lands: Britain and Ireland, France and Algeria, Israel and the West Bank-Gaza. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993. Examines the process by which states expand and contract; the book includes a number of case studies.

Lynd, Staughton, Sam Bahour, and Alice Lynd, eds. Homeland: Oral Histories of Palestine and Palestinians. New York: Olive Branch Press, 1994. Thematically organized interviews conducted in 1991 and 1992 in which Palestinians narrate their current and past experiences in Israel, the occupied territories, and the Diaspora.

Mallison, W. Thomas and Sally V. Mallison. The Palestine Problem in International Law and World Order. Burnt Mill, Harlow, Essex, UK: Longman, 1986. A legal analysis of the Balfour Declaration as well as the international resolutions concerning partition, refugees, Jerusalem, and the status of Palestinians, from a perspective critical of Israel.

Massad, Joseph A. The Persistence of the Palestinian Question: Essays on Zionism and the Palestinians. New York: Routledge, 2006. Discussion of the interdependence of Palestinian and Jewish histories, from a Palestinian perspective.

Mattar, Philip, ed. Encyclopedia of the Palestinians. New York: Facts on File, 2005. A comprehensive compendium covering the social, cultural, economic, and political history of the Palestinians since the 1830s, written by a variety of senior scholars.

Morris, Benny. Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-1999. New York: Knopf, 1999. An Israeli account of the struggle over Palestine since the early days of Zionism.

Nazzal, Nafez Y. and Laila A. Nazzal. Historical Dictionary of Palestine. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 1997. Detailed chronology, maps, bibliography, and dictionary entries.

Owen, Roger, ed. Studies in the Economic and Social History of Palestine in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. London: MacMillan; Oxford, UK: St. Anthony’s, 1982. A collection of articles about economic, social, and political issues in Palestine.

Pappé, Ilan, ed. Israel/Palestine Question: Rewriting Histories. London; New York: Routledge, 1999. A critical analysis of Zionism and the development of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Pappé, Ilan. A History of Modern Palestine: One Land, Two Peoples. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. A useful study of a land inhabited by two peoples and two national identities, from the early 1800s to the present, written by a revisionist Israeli historian.

Rand Palestinian State Study Team. Building a Successful Palestinian State. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corp., 2005. Collection of technical data in chapters on governance, security, demographics, economy, water, health, and education.

Reich, Bernard, ed. Arab-Israeli Conflict and Conciliation: A Documentary History. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1995. A valuable compilation of treaties, writings, and speeches covering the period from 1896 to 1995.

Reporters Without Borders, eds. Israel/Palestine: The Black Book. London; Sterling, VA: Pluto (in association with Reporters Without Borders), 2003. Account of human rights violations on both sides of the conflict since the start of the second Intifada in September 2000.

Sacco, Joe. Palestine. Seattle, WA: Fantagraphics, 2007. First major comics series of political and historical nonfiction. Book’s earlier edition won the seventeenth annual American Book Award, given by the Columbus Foundation. With an introduction by Edward Said.

Said, Edward W. The Question of Palestine. New York: Vintage Books, 1992. A leading Palestinian intellectual’s reflections on the evolution of the concept of Palestinian nationalism.

Schulze, Kirsten E. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. London; New York: Longman, 1999. Introduction to the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Shahin, Mariam. Palestine: A Guide. Northampton, MA: Interlink, 2005. A highly engaging and beautifully illustrated general guide to Palestine.

Shipler, David K. Arab and Jew: Wounded Spirits in a Promised Land. New York: Penguin, 2002. A compassionate portrait of the people living in Israel and the occupied territories, by a former correspondent for the New York Times.

Smith, Charles D. Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 6th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2007. An excellent and thorough textbook that covers historical trends, contemporary politics, and diplomatic issues, and includes documents, chronologies, photos, maps, and a bibliography.

Suisman, Doug, Steven N. Simon, Glen E. Robinson, C. Ross Anthony, Michael Schoenbaum. The Arc: A Formal Structure for a Palestinian State. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corp., 2005. A model for a Palestinian state, enriched with comparative data and illustrations.

Tessler, Mark. A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994. A lengthy, balanced, and nuanced textbook that not only covers the history of the conflict but also seeks to envision political solutions that will end Palestinian statelessness while ensuring Israeli security.

Watzal, Ludwig. Peace Enemies: The Past and Present Conflict Between Israel and Palestine. Jerusalem: Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs (PASSIA), 1999. Detailed examination of Israeli-Palestinian relations from the late 1800s onward.

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Ottoman Rule

Agmon, Iris. Family and Court: Legal Culture and Modernity in Late Ottoman Palestine. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2006. Examines issues dealing with the Shari’a and the family in Haifa and Jaffa in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Ben-Arieh, Yehoshua. Jerusalem in the 19th Century: The Old City. Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben Zvi Institute; New York: St. Martin’s, 1984. A portrait of the rapidly changing city, based on contemporary writings.

Cohen, Amnon. Economic Life in Ottoman Jerusalem. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. A scholarly analysis of the socio-economy of Jerusalem in the 16th century.

________. Palestine in the 18th Century: Patterns of Government and Administration. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1973. An analysis of Ottoman rule over Palestine by an Israeli historian.

Divine, Donna Robinson. Politics and Society in Ottoman Palestine: The Arab Struggle for Survival and Power. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1994. An overview of political, economic, and social changes in Palestine under the Ottomans.

Doumani, Beshara. Rediscovering Palestine: Merchants and Peasants in Jabal Nablus, 1700-1900. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995. A pioneering analysis—based on family papers, Islamic court archives, and local council records—of the economic, cultural, and political life in Ottoman Palestine.

Gorny, Yosef. Zionism and the Arabs 1882-1948: A Study of Ideology. Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. An analysis of early Zionist views toward the Arabs in Palestine.

Graham-Brown, Sarah. Palestinians and Their Society, 1880-1946: A Photographic Essay. London; New York: Quartet, 1980. Eloquent photographs of village and urban life in the late Ottoman and British Mandate periods, with a well-informed commentary.

Karlinsky, Nahum. California Dreaming: Ideology, Society, and Technology in the Citrus Industry of Palestine, 1890–1939. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2005. Analyzes early Zionist agricultural systems for growing citrus; rethinks many common perceptions about early Zionist economy and agriculture.

Khalidi, Rashid. British Policy towards Syria and Palestine, 1906-1914: A Study of the Antecedents of the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence, the Sykes-Picot Agreement, and the Balfour Declaration. London: Ithaca, 1980. A fine study of the antecedents to the war-time agreements among the great powers.

Kushner, David, ed. Palestine in the Late Ottoman Period: Political, Social and Economic Transformation. Jerusalem: Yad Izhad Ben Zvi; Leiden, the Netherlands: Brill, 1986. Essays on the changing situation in Palestine in the 19th century.

Mandel, Neville J. The Arabs and Zionism before World War I. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976. A careful assessment of Palestinian Arab antagonism to and fear of Zionism in the late Ottoman period.

Ma’oz, Moshe. Ottoman Reform in Syria and Palestine, 1840-1861: The Impact of the Tanzimat on Politics and Society. Oxford: Clarendon, 1968. Analysis of the military, economic, religious, and political dimensions of Ottoman reform in the mid-19th century.

Nassar, Issam. Photographing Jerusalem: The Image of the City in Nineteenth Century Photography. Boulder: East European Monographs; New York: Columbia University Press, 1998. An examination of how photographers’ pictures reflected their own preconceptions and their emphasis on Jerusalem’s biblical heritage.

Prior, Michael, ed. Western Scholarship and the History of Palestine. London: Melisende, 1998. Articles that reintroduce the Palestinians into the history of Palestine and critique the founding myths of Zionism.

Schölch, Alexander. Palestine in Transformation, 1856-1882: Studies in Social, Economic and Political Development. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1993. Translated into English by William C. Young and Michael C. Gerrity. A collection of articles on changes in Ottoman Palestine before the arrival of the Zionist movement.

Shafir, Gerson. Land, Labour and the Origins of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, 1882-1914. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. A pathbreaking study of Zionist settlement policies and their impact on Palestine.

Sicker, Martin. Reshaping Palestine: from Muhammad Ali to the British Mandate, 1831-1922. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1999. Examines Palestine from Napoleonic through Ottoman periods, and the process by which Palestine came to be a critical factor in Middle East history and politics.

Singer, Amy. Palestinian Peasants and Ottoman Officials: Rural Administration around Sixteenth-Century Jerusalem. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. A skillful examination of early Ottoman rule.

Tucker, Judith E. In the House of Law: Gender and Islamic Law in Ottoman Syria and Palestine. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998. A pioneering investigation of women’s status under Islamic law during the Ottoman period.

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British Rule

Abdullah, King of Jordan. My Memoirs Completed, “Al Takmilah.” London; New York: Longman, 1978. Translated from the Arabic by Harold W. Glidden. Reflections by the Jordanian monarch on his rule and on Jordan’s status in the Middle East.

Abu-Lughod, Ibrahim, ed. The Transformation of Palestine: Essays on the Origin and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1971. Valuable essays, particularly on the demographic and territorial changes during the Mandate period, from perspectives highly critical of the Zionist movement.

El-Awaisi, Abd al-Fattah M. The Muslim Brothers and the Palestine Question, 1928-1947. London: Tauris Academic Studies, 1996. An assessment of the impact on Egypt of events in Palestine during the Mandate and the active role played by the Muslim Brothers in fostering awareness of the Zionist threat.

Bentwich, Norman and Helen Bentwich. Mandate Memoirs, 1918-1948. New York: Schocken, 1965. Recollections of a British Zionist who served as a senior legal official in the British Mandate administration.

Budeiri, Musa. The Palestine Communist Party, 1919-1948: Arab and Jew in the Struggle for Internationalism. London: Ithaca, 1979. An analysis of Arab-Jewish relations in the Communist movement during the Mandate period.

Canaan, Taufik. Mohammedan Saints and Sanctuaries in Palestine. London: Luzac, 1927. A Palestinian folklorist’s record of 235 shrines in the 1920s.

Caplan, Neil. Futile Diplomacy: Early Arab-Zionist Negotiation Attempts, 1913-1931, vol. I. London; Totowa, NJ: Frank Cass, 1983. Four volumes (listed here) that trace the failure of efforts to resolve the Arab-Zionist conflict during the Mandate period, from the Weizmann-Faisal agreement of 1919 through the St. James’s conference in 1939 and post-war diplomatic contacts.

_________. Futile Diplomacy: Arab-Zionist Negotiations and the End of the Mandate, vol. II. London; Totowa, NJ: Frank Cass, 2004. (See summary in first volume’s listing.)

_________. Futile Diplomacy: The United Nations, the Great Powers, and Middle East Peacemaking, 1948-1954, vol. III. London; Totowa, NJ: Frank Cass, 1997. (See summary in first volume’s listing.)

_________. Futile Diplomacy: Operation Alpha and the Failure of Anglo-American Coercive Diplomacy in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1954-1956, vol. IV. London; Totowa, NJ: Frank Cass, 1997. (See summary in first volume’s listing.)

_________. Palestine Jewry and the Arab Question, 1917-1925. London: Frank Cass, 1978. An analysis of the development of the view among Zionists in Palestine that only a firm British policy toward the Arabs, coupled with rapid Jewish immigration and self organization, could ensure the achievement of their goal of a Jewish state.

Cohen, Michael. Palestine and the Great Powers, 1945-1948. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982. An examination of post-war diplomacy by an Israeli professor.

Diqs, Isaak. A Bedouin Boyhood. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1967. Autobiography of a Palestinian bedouin about growing up near Beersheba and the plight of his tribe when they fled to the West Bank in 1948.

Flapan, Simha. Zionism and the Palestinians. London: Croom Helm; New York: Barnes and Noble, 1979. A critical look at the views of Chaim Weizmann, David Ben-Gurion, the Revisionist movement, and Jewish binationalists toward the Palestinians, Jewish labor, and partition.

Furlonge, Geoffrey W. Palestine Is My Country: The Story of Musa Alami. London: Murray, 1969. The biography of a leading Palestinian politician during the Mandate period, who subsequently developed a pioneering agricultural project in the Jordan Valley under Jordanian rule.

Granott (Granovsky), Avraham. The Land System in Palestine: History and Structure. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1952. Translated from the Hebrew by M. Simon. A study of the legal and economic aspects of the land systems, by a Zionist active in land acquisition.

Hadawi, Sami. Bitter Harvest: A Modern History of Palestine, 4th ed. New York: Olive Branch Press, 1991. A searing indictment of British and Zionist policies, by a Palestinian who was a senior official in the British Mandate government.

Hattis, Susan Lee. The Bi-National Idea in Palestine during Mandatory Times. Haifa: Shikmona Publishing Company, 1970. A carefully balanced analysis of groups and individuals who sought to promote bi-nationalism under the Mandate, and of official Arab, British, and Jewish attitudes toward binationalist programs for Palestine.

Holliday, Eunice and John C. Holliday, eds. Letters from Jerusalem: during the Palestine Mandate. London; New York: Radcliffe Press; New York: St. Martin’s, 1997. Letters written by the wife of a British architect who lived in Jerusalem from 1922 to 1935; these letters display a rather typical colonial sensibility toward the Palestinian Arabs.

Howard, Harry N. The King-Crane Commission: An American Inquiry in the Middle East. Beirut: Khayats, 1963. A study of the U.S. official mission at the end of World War I that sought to determine the preferences of the Arabs of Lebanon, Syria, and Palestine.

Hurewitz, J.C. The Struggle for Palestine. New York: Schocken, 1976 (reprint of the 1950 original). The classic chronicle of the clash of British, Zionist, and Arab political goals during the period, 1936 to 1948.

Ingrams, Doreen, ed. Palestine Papers, 1917-1922: Seeds of Conflict. New York: George Braziller, 1973. A valuable and annotated compilation of British documents on the first five years of British rule in Palestine.

Institute for Palestine Studies. A Survey of Palestine, vols. I - III. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1991. Reprint of the three volumes that the Palestine Mandate government prepared for the international commissions in 1945-46 covering the entire Mandate period.

Jabra, Jabra Ibrahim. The First Well: A Bethlehem Boyhood. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1995. Translated by Issa J. Boullata. A vivid memoir of this Palestinian novelist’s childhood in Bethlehem and Jerusalem, prior to 1948.

Jbara, Taysir. Palestinian Leader, Hajj Amin al-Husayni, Mufti of Jerusalem. Princeton, NJ: Kingston, 1985. A biography of the controversial politician and head of the Supreme Muslim Council, based largely on documents in the British archives.

John, Robert and Sami Hadawi. The Palestine Diary, 2nd ed., vols. I (1914-1945) and II (1946-48). Beirut: Palestine Research Center, 1970. A chronology of British policy from its wartime pledges through the establishment of the state of Israel, based largely on official British documents.

Jones, Philip, ed. Britain and Palestine, 1914-1948: Archival Sources for the History of the British Mandate. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1979. A useful listing of the location of papers of British officials who served in Palestine, and those of the official and private archives in Britain and elsewhere.

Katz, Yossi. Partner to Partition: The Jewish Agency’s Partition Plan in the Mandate Era. London; Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1998. A detailed treatment of the Jewish Agency’s debates on partition in the late 1930s.

Keith-Roach, Edward. Pasha of Jerusalem: Memoirs of a District Commissioner under the British Mandate. London; New York: Radcliffe Press; New York; St. Martin’s, 1994. A portrait of a British administrator who served in Palestine from 1919 to 1943.

Khalaf, Issa. Politics in Palestine: Arab Factionalism and Social Disintegration, 1939-1948. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1991. A careful examination of the social divisions among Palestinians, which made their defeat and flight in 1948 more likely.

Khalidi, Rashid. Palestinian Identity: The Construction of Modern National Consciousness. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. A compelling analysis of the origins of Palestinian national identity, with a focus on the periods before and during the Mandate.

Khalidi, Walid, ed. Before Their Diaspora: A Photographic History of the Palestinians, 1876-1948. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1991. Striking visual evidence of family life, culture, and customs among Palestinian Arabs prior to 1948.

________, ed. From Haven to Conquest: Readings in Zionism and the Palestine Problem until 1948. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1987. A leading Palestinian intellectual’s massive compilation of contemporary accounts and analytical essays on the mid-19th century through the British Mandate.

_________. The Iron Cage: The Story of the Palestinian Struggle for Statehood. Boston: Beacon, 2006. A fine empathetic but critical study of why the Palestinians failed to achieve statehood from the British Mandate until the present.

Khalleh Kamal Mahmoud. Palestine and British Mandate (1922 - 1939). Beirut: PLO Research Center, 1982. The British Mandate from a Palestinian perspective.

Kimmerling, Baruch. Zionism and Territory: The Socioterritorial Dimensions of Zionist Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983. A critique of Zionist land policy during the British Mandate.

Kirkbride, Alec. A Crackle of Thorns: Experiences in the Middle East. London: John Murray, 1956. The memoirs of a British official in Transjordan and Palestine from 1918 to 1955.

Kolinsky, Martin. Law, Order and Riots in Mandatory Palestine, 1928-35. New York: St. Martin’s, 1993. An analysis of the British and Zionist search for security in the wake of the Western Wall riots of 1929.

Kupferschmidt, Uri M. Supreme Muslim Council: Islam Under the British Mandate for Palestine. Leiden, The Netherlands; New York: E. J. Brill, 1987. A study of the Muslim autonomous institutions during the British Mandate.

Lesch, Ann Mosley. Arab Politics in Palestine, 1917-1939: The Frustration of a Nationalist Movement. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1979. A concise overview of the radicalization of Palestinian politics during the British Mandate, based on primary documents from British, Palestinian, and Israeli archives.

Likhovski, Assaf. Law and Identity in Mandate Palestine. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006. Examines the legal history of Palestine, showing how law and identity interacted in a complex colonial society in which British rulers and Jewish and Arab subjects lived together.

Lockman, Zachary. Comrades and Enemies: Arab and Jewish Workers in Palestine, 1906-1948. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996. An exploration of the complex interaction of the Palestinian and Jewish labor movements and political parties before and during the British Mandate.

Masalha, Nur. Expulsion of the Palestinians: The Concept of "Transfer" in Zionist Political Thought, 1882-1948. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1992. An analysis of how the idea of expelling the Palestinians evolved, and the period leading up to the war in 1948.

Mattar, Philip. The Mufti of Jerusalem: Al-Hajj Amin al-Husayni and the Palestinian National Movement. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992. A careful account of Husayni’s life, with an emphasis on how Husayni’s views changed after 1936, when accommodation with the British proved impossible.

Matthews, Weldon C. Confronting an Empire, Constructing a Nation: Arab Nationalists and Popular Politics in Mandate Palestine. London: I.B. Tauris, 2006. A reexamination of Palestinian politics during the British Mandate.

McCarthy, Justin. The Population of Palestine: Population History and Statistics of the Late Ottoman Period and the Mandate. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990. The most thorough demographic analysis of the Palestinian population, using official statistics.

McTague, John J. British Policy in Palestine, 1917-1922. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1983. An assessment of the military administration of Palestine and the initial years of civil rule under High Commissioner Sir Herbert Samuel.

Metzer, Jacob. The Divided Economy of Mandatory Palestine. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998. An analysis of the separate Jewish and Arab economies and the relationship between economic policies and political ethnonationalism.

Migdal, Joel S. Palestinian Society and Politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1980. A history of the Palestinians, particularly during the British Mandate.

Miller, Ylana N. Government and Society in Rural Palestine, 1920-1948. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1985. An analysis of the impact that British government policy had on Palestinian village life during the Mandate period.

Mogannam, Matiel E. T. The Arab Woman and the Palestine Problem: The Rise of Jewish Nationalism and the Middle East. Westport, CT: Hyperion, 1976. (Reprinted from original, published 1937 in London by Herbert Joseph.) Description of the Palestinian situation during the Mandate, by a leading female Palestinian activist.

Muslih, Muhammad Y. The Origins of Palestinian Nationalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988. A thoughtful analysis of the changing Palestinian political attitudes at the end of the Ottoman period and the beginning of British rule.

Porath, Yehoshua. The Emergence of the Palestinian-Arab National Movement, 1918-1929. London: Frank Cass, 1974. A detailed chronicle of the shift from a political focus on “Southern Syria” to Palestinian nationalism and an examination of the tensions within the Palestinian political movement.

____________. The Palestinian Arab National Movement, 1929-1939: From Riots to Rebellion. London; Totowa, NJ: Frank Cass, 1977. An analysis of the factionalism and radicalization in the Palestinian national movement that culminated in the revolt in the late 1930s.

Reiter, Yitzhak. Islamic Endowments in Jerusalem under British Mandate. London; Portand, OR: Frank Cass, 1996. An analysis of how waqf administrators adapted its use to the changing socioeconomic conditions as well as to fend off Jewish land purchases.

Rubin, Barry. The Arab States and the Palestine Conflict. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1981. Assessment of how Arab governments became involved in the Palestine issue and its impact on their domestic politics and intergovernmental relations.

Segev, Tom. One Palestine, Complete: Jews and Arabs Under the Mandate. New York: Metropolitan, 2000. Translated by H. Watzman. A thoughtful revisionist (mostly reliable) account of the evolution of Palestinian and Jewish nationalist movements under British rule.

Seikaly, May. Haifa: Transformation of a Palestinian Arab Society, 1918-1939. London; New York: I.B. Tauris, 1995. Sociopolitical history of the changes in the rapidly growing Haifa port during the British Mandate.

Shapira, Anita. Land and Power: The Zionist Resort to Force, 1891-1948. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. An Israeli academic’s examination and defense of Zionist settlers’ use of force in confrontations with the Palestinians in the pre-state period.

Shepherd, Naomi. Ploughing Sand: British Rule in Palestine 1917-1948. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2000. An uneven analysis of educational, health, land, and security policies during the British Mandate.

Sherman, A. J. Mandate Days: British Lives in Palestine 1918-1948. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1998. An attempt to humanize the British officials who served in the Palestine Mandate administration.

Shlaim, Avi. Collusion Across the Jordan: King Abdullah, the Zionist Movement, and the Partition of Palestine. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988. A detailed account of King Abdullah's negotiations with Zionist leaders.

Smith, Barbara J. The Roots of Separatism in Palestine: British Economic Policy, 1920-1929. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1993. A thorough analysis of the economic development of Palestine during the first decade of British rule and the British preferential policy toward Jewish settlement and economic development that contributed to the division of the country along ethnic lines.

Stein, Kenneth W. The Land Question in Palestine, 1917-1939. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1984. A controversial examination of how the Zionists purchased land from Arabs during the British Mandate.

Storrs, Ronald. Orientations. London: I. Nicholson & Watson, 1937. Memoirs of the first British military governor of Jerusalem.

Swedenburg, Ted. Memories of Revolt: The 1936-1939 Rebellion and the Palestinian National Past. Fayetteville, AR: University of Arkansas Press, 2003. An incisive analysis of how differing individual and collective memories of the revolt shape historical consciousness and inform the current political struggles.

Teveth, Shabtai. Ben-Gurion and the Palestinian Arabs: From Peace to War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985. A reinterpretation of David Ben-Gurion and his pragmatic approach to achieving Jewish statehood during the British Mandate.

Tibawi, A. L. Arab Education in Mandatory Palestine: A Study of Three Decades of British Administration. London: Luzac, 1956. A critique of the educational system during the Mandate, by a senior Palestinian educator.

Tuten, Eric Engel. Between Capital and Land: The Jewish National Fund’s Finances and Land-Purchase Priorities in Palestine, 1939–45. London; New York: Routledge, 2005. Covers land acquisitions by the JNF from 1901 to the end of World War II.

Wasserstein, Bernard. The British in Palestine: The Mandatory Government and the Arab-Jewish Conflict 1917-1929. London: Royal Historical Society, 1978. A well documented study of Jewish-British relations during the first decade of British rule.

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The Palestinian Nakba and Israeli Independence

Begin, Menachem. The Revolt. New York: Nash, 1977. Autobiography of the leader of the Irgun, who used terror against the British and Palestinians during the Mandate period.

Flapan, Simha. The Birth of Israel: Myths and Realities. New York: Pantheon, 1987. A passionate dissection of Israel’s founding myths concerning the war of independence and the flight of Palestinian refugees, by a prominent Israeli dove.

Heller, Joseph. The Birth of Israel 1945-1949: Ben-Gurion and His Critics. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. Author describes complex political calculations that led to the founding of the state of Israel, placing events in the context of the Cold War; the book draws on an array of archival materials, diaries, and other sources.

Ilan, Amitzur. The Origin of the Arab-Israeli Arms Race: Arms, Embargo, Military Power and Decision in the 1948 Palestine War. New York: New York University Press, 1996. A detailed account of the 1948 war, with a focus on the ways in which Israel was able to acquire arms, despite the UN arms embargo.

Karsh, Efraim. The Palestine War 1948. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publications, 2002. A polemic on Israeli revisionist historians.

Khalidi, Walid, ed. All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1992. Detailed information on more than 400 villages destroyed during and after the war in 1948-49.

Louis, Wm. Roger and Robert W. Stookey, eds. The End of the Palestine Mandate. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1986. Articles by six leading scholars on the attitudes of regional and international powers regarding how to resolve the Palestine conflict.

McGowan, Daniel and Marc H. Ellis, eds. Remembering Deir Yassin: The Future of Israel and Palestine. Northampton, MA: Interlink, 1998. Twelve essays by Palestinians and Israelis, and commentaries from all three faiths that include Palestinian suffering in the narrative of history and seek to heal the wounds.

Milstein, Uri. History of the War of Independence, vols. I - IV. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1996-1998. Detailed historical description of the 1948 war and its escalation from intercommunal clashes to a full-scale war, written by an Israeli scholar.

Morris, Benny. 1948 and After: Israel and the Palestinians. Oxford, UK; New York: Clarendon, 1990. Eight essays on the Palestinian flight and on Israeli and Arab responses, as well as an assessment of revisionist Israeli historiography.

_________. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, 2nd ed. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. A revision of the original 1987 pioneering work on the origins of the Palestinian refugee problem, written by an Israeli historian who defines himself as a Zionist. A detailed and pioneering account of the flight of Palestinians, which uses Israeli archival materials to challenge conventional wisdom in Israel about the causes of that flight.

Nazzal, Nafez Y. The Palestinian Exodus from Galilee, 1948. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1978. Details about the forced removal of Palestinians from Galilee; the book incorporates fascinating interviews with refugees in Lebanon.

Palumbo, Michael. The Palestinian Catastrophe: The 1948 Expulsion of a People from Their Homeland. London: Quartet, 1987. Details on Plan Dalet, the fall of Haifa and Jaffa, the conquest of Safed, and the expulsions from Lydda and Ramla---all from a highly critical perspective of Israel.

Pappé, Ilan. Britain and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1948-51. New York: St. Martin’s, 1988. An in-depth account of British policy at the end of the Mandate, by an Israeli historian.

_________. The Making of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1947-1951. New York: I.B. Tauris, 1994. A leading Israeli revisionist examines the crucial diplomatic and military battles between 1947–51, with a particular focus on the creation of the refugee problem and the failure of efforts to achieve peace through UN mediation or the Lausanne conference.

_________. The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine. Oxford, UK: Oneworld, 2006. Controversial to some but well documented. Should be read with the second edition of The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem by Benny Morris.

Rogan, Eugene L. and Avi Shlaim, eds. The War for Palestine: Rewriting the History of 1948. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Leading Israeli revisionist historians and Arab and Western scholars discuss the historical and contemporary significance of the 1948 War from various perspectives.

Segev, Tom. 1949, The First Israelis. New York: Owl Books by Henry Holt, 1998. Insights into Israel’s first year as a sovereign state; the author addresses the Jewish-Arab problem, tensions between veteran settlers and newcomers, and the conflict between Orthodox and secular Jews.

Zurayk, Constantine. Palestine: The Meaning of the Disaster. Beirut: Khayat’s, 1956. A self-critical analysis of the socioeconomic causes of the Arab defeat in 1948, written immediately after the war by a distinguished philosopher of Arab history and a liberal intellectual.

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Refugees and the Palestinian Diaspora

Abu-Odeh, Adnan. Jordanians, Palestinians, and the Hashemite Kingdom in the Middle East Peace Process. Washington DC: United States Institute of Peace, 1999. Tackles controversial issues on the relations between West Bank Jordanians and Palestinians; it is written by a Palestinian-Jordanian who has occupied many high positions in the Jordanian government, including advisor to the King.

Aruri, Naseer H., ed. Palestinian Refugees: The Right of Return. Sterling, VA: Pluto, 2001. Includes contributions from a range of international experts (Edward W. Said, Noam Chomsky, Norman Finkelstein, Ilan Pappé, Alain Grosh, and others) on the historical, legal, and practical aspects of the right of return.

Arzt, Donna E. Refugees into Citizens: Palestinians and the End of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1997. A proposal for resolving the refugee problem, through a combination of financial compensation, absorption in the Diaspora, and limited repatriation to Israel.

Basisu, Mui’n. Descent into the Water: Palestinian Notes from Arab Exile. Wilmette, IL: Medina, 1980. Memoir of a Palestinian Communist activist in Gaza from 1952 to 1963, which focuses on the Egyptian government’s repression of Palestinian political action and the author’s lengthy imprisonment in Egypt.

Bowker, Robert. Palestinian Refugees: Mythology, Identity and the Search for Peace. Boulder, CO: Lynne Reinner, 2003. Impact of Palestinian refugee mythologies on settling the conflict with Israel.

Brand, Laurie A. Palestinians in the Arab World: Institution Building and the Search for State. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988. A careful examination of the circumstances facing Palestinians in Egypt, Kuwait, and Jordan after 1948.

Buehrig, Edward. The UN and the Palestinian Refugees: A Study in Nonterritorial Administration. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1971. An early, well-researched account of the operations of UNRWA.

Chatty, Dawn and Hundt Gillian L., eds. Children of Palestine: Experiencing Forced Migration in the Middle East. New York: Berghahn, 2005. Study of Palestinian children in Middle East refugee camps.

Cohen, Amnon. Political Parties in the West Bank Under the Jordanian Regime, 1949-1967. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1982. An Israeli professor’s history of Jordanian control over the West Bank, based in part on documents seized by Israel in the 1967 war.

Fischbach, Michael R. Records of Dispossession: Palestinian Refugee Property and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. A fine and objective study based on archival materials from the UN Conciliation Commission for Palestine.

_________. The Peace Process and Palestinian Refugee Claims: Addressing Claims for Property Compensation and Restitution. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2006. Objective examination of the issues in compensating Palestinian refugees.

Ghabra, Shafeeq N. Palestinians in Kuwait: The Family and the Politics of Survival. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1987. A study of the Palestinians in Kuwait, prior to the Gulf crisis.

Hadawi, Sami. Palestinian Rights and Losses in 1948: A Comprehensive Survey. London: Saqi, 1988. An examination of the property lost by Palestinians; this was written by a Palestinian who was an official in the Mandate government.

Hammer, Juliane. Palestinians Born in Exile: Diaspora and the Search for a Homeland. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005. In-depth interviews with 50 men and women who returned from exile to the Ramallah/Jerusalem area.

Hamzeh, Muna. Refugees in Our Own Land: Chronicles from a Palestinian Refugee Camp in Bethlehem. London; Sterling, VA: Pluto, 2001. Palestinian-American journalist living in Dheisheh provides an inside account of life as a refugee in her own homeland.

Karmi, Ghada and Eugene Cotran, eds. The Palestinian Exodus, 1948-1998. London: Ithaca, 1999. Conference papers covering legal, political, and socioeconomic aspects of the refugee issue and various proposed solutions.

Lesch, Ann Mosley and Ian S. Lustick, eds. Exile and Return: Predicaments of Palestinians and Jews. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005. A fine study by leading Palestinian, Israeli, and American experts on various aspects of the Palestinian refugee issue and on Jewish and Palestinian notions of return.

Lynd, Staughton, Sam Bahour, and Alice Lynd, eds. Homeland: Oral Histories of Palestine and Palestinians. New York: Olive Branch, 1994. Interviews with Palestinians from a wide variety of backgrounds about their experiences in the 1948 and 1967 wars and their lives as refugees or detainees under Israeli occupation.

Masalha, Nur. The Politics of Denial: Israel and the Palestinian Refugee Problem. London; Sterling, VA: Pluto, 2003. Examines the notion of “transfer” and its embeddedness within Zionist ideology, using a mix of academic scholarship and activist language, from a Palestinian perspective.

Peretz, Don. Israel and the Palestine Arabs. Washington, DC: Middle East Institute, 1958. An early assessment of Israeli policy toward the Palestinian refugees and the Arab minority.

Plascov, Avi. The Palestinian Refugees in Jordan, 1948-1957. London; Totowa, NJ: Frank Cass, 1981. A detailed study of the first decade of the refugee problem in Jordan, including consideration of the West Bank villages that lost land to Israel as a result of the Armistice Accord.

Schiff, Benjamin N. Refugees Unto the Third Generation: UN Aid to Palestinians. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995. A carefully researched examination of the internal operations of UNRWA and its interactions over time with host governments.

Schulz, Helena Lindholm and Juliane Hammer. The Palestinian Diaspora: Formation of Identities and Politics of Homeland. London; New York: Routledge, 2003. Examines Palestinian identity in the Diaspora, and the role the lost homeland has in shaping this identity.

Slyomovics, Susan. The Object of Memory: Arab and Jew Narrate the Palestinian Village. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. A creative exploration of the experience of space, nation, and history as shown by the lives of the Palestinians exiled from Ein Houd village in 1948 and the lives of Israeli Jews now living in that village, renamed Ein Hod.

Takkenberg, Lex. The Status of Palestinian Refugees in International Law. Oxford, UK: Clarendon; New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. An examination of international refugee and humanitarian law and its relevance to the status of Palestinian refugees, written by an UNRWA official.

Tamari, Salim and Elia Zureik, eds. Reinterpreting the Historical Record: The Uses of Palestinian Refugee Archives for Social Science Research and Policy Analysis. Jerusalem: Institute of Jerusalem Studies, 2001. Analysis of all publicly available archival records pertaining to Palestinian refugees and to social science research and policy analysis.

Toubbeh, Jamil I. Day of the Long Night: A Palestinian Refugee Remembers the Nakba. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1998. A passionate autobiography about the author’s life in Jerusalem before 1948 and his experiences in the United States, where he moved in 1951.

Viorst, Milton. Reaching for the Olive Branch: UNRWA and Peace in the Middle East. Washington, DC: The Middle East Institute; Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989. A short history of the operations of UNRWA on behalf of Palestinian refugees.

Yahya, Adel H. The Future of the Palestinian Refugee Issue in Final Status Negotiations: Palestinian Refugees, Their Past, Present, and Future: A Policy Paper Featuring Recommendations for Negotiations in the Final Status Talks between Israel and the Palestinians. Jerusalem: Israel/Palestine Center for Research and Information (IPCRI), 1998. The results of polls taken by Israelis and Palestinians in 1997 concerning the refugee issue.

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Palestinians in Israel

Asmar, Fouzi El-. To Be an Arab in Israel. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1978. The autobiography of a Palestinian journalist, who was a child when Lydda fell to Israel in 1948, became increasingly politicized, and was ultimately imprisoned in 1968-70.

Bar-Tal, Daniel and Yona Teichman. Stereotypes and Prejudice in Conflict: Representation of Arabs in Israeli Jewish Society. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. An analysis of shared group beliefs, by leading Israeli political psychologists.

Binur, Yoram. My Enemy, My Self. New York: Doubleday, 1989. Translated from the Hebrew by Uriel Grunfeld. An Israeli Jewish journalist pretends to be Palestinian so that he can experience the living conditions of Palestinians in Tel Aviv and in the occupied territories, as well as the attitudes of Israelis toward Palestinians.

Bligh, Alexander, ed. The Israeli Palestinians: An Arab Minority in the Jewish State. London; Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2003. Fourteen essays on the situation of Israeli’s Palestinian/Arab minority, from diverse perspectives.

Chacour, Elias, with David Hazard. Blood Brothers. Grand Rapids, MI: Chosen, 2003. The deeply moving autobiography of a Christian Palestinian priest (an Israeli citizen), who lived in a village in northern Galilee that was destroyed by the Israeli army after the 1948 war, and who engaged in a lifelong quest for brotherly relations between Arabs and Jews inside Israel.

Ghanem, As‘ad. The Palestinian-Arab Minority in Israel, 1948-2000: A Political Study. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. Comprehensive description of the social, cultural, economic, and political experiences of the Palestinian-Arab minority in Israel.

Gorkin, Michael. Days of Honey, Days of Onion: The Story of a Palestinian Family in Israel. Boston: Beacon Press, 1991. A Jewish psychologist’s friendship with a family in Kufr Qara village and his resulting insight into the dilemmas facing Arab citizens of Israel.

Grossman, David. Sleeping on a Wire: Conversations with Palestinians in Israel. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2003. Translated from the Hebrew by Haim Watzman. An Israeli writer’s reflections on the problems facing Palestinian citizens of Israel and his call for them to be treated the same as Jewish citizens in all spheres of life.

Haidar, Aziz. Social Welfare Services for Israel’s Arab Population. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1989. A critique of the Israeli government’s social welfare policies toward Palestinian citizens.

al-Haj, Majid. Education and Social Change Among the Arabs in Israel. Tel Aviv: International Centre for Peace in the Middle East, 1991. An analysis of the changing conditions of Palestinians in Israel, by a Palestinian Israeli academic.

_________. Education, Empowerment and Control: The Case of the Arabs in Israel. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995. An analysis of Israeli manipulation of the Arab educational system.

al-Haj, Majid and Henry Rosenfeld. Arab Local Government in Israel. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1990. An analysis of the municipal council system for Palestinian citizens of Israel, by Palestinian and Jewish Israeli professors.

Jiryis, Sabri. The Arabs in Israel. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1976. Translated from the Arabic by Inea Bushnaq. A passionate condemnation of the situation facing Palestinians in Israel, by a former Palestinian citizen of Israel.

Kanaaneh, Rhoda Ann. Birthing the Nation: Strategies of Palestinian Women in Israel. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002. Ethnographic account of the politics of Palestinian reproduction, discussed within the context of broader issues affecting Palestinian society, including life amidst a dominant Israeli society.

Lewin-Epstein, Noah and Moshe Semyonov. The Arab Minority in Israel’s Economy: Patterns of Ethnic Inequality. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1993. An empirical analysis of wage and occupational inequalities between Israeli Arabs and Jews, largely based on the 1983 census.

Lustick, Ian. Arabs in the Jewish State: Israel’s Control of a National Minority. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1980. A systematic inquiry into the political status of Arabs in Israel and the means by which the Israeli government regulated their lives from 1948 through the 1970s.

Mar’i, Sami K. Arab Education in Israel. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1978. A distinguished Palestinian educator’s critique of the Arab educational system in Israel.

Rabinowitz, Dan. Overlooking Nazareth: The Ethnography of Exclusion in Galilee. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. An ethnographic account of the almost-invisible Palestinian citizens of Israel.

Rabinowitz, Dan, As’ad Ghanem, and Oren Yiftachel, eds. After the Rift: New Directions for Government Policy Towards the Arab Population in Israel. Tel Aviv: Ha’Aretz, 2000. A report in Hebrew that details the systematic discrimination against Palestinian citizens of Israel in the legal system, land policy, planning, local government, welfare, education, and employment; the report calls on the government to acknowledge and rectify the historical injustices done to the Palestinians, to abolish discrimination against them, and to empower them to build their communities.

Rabinowitz, Dan and Khawla Abu Baker. Coffins on Our Shoulders: The Experience of the Palestinian Citizens of Israel. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005. A historical and political analysis of the Arab-Israeli conflict that combines the perspectives of Israeli Jews and the Palestinian citizens of Israel.

Reiss, Nira. The Health Care of the Arabs in Israel. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1991. An examination of Palestinian health services and the social conditions inside Israel.

Smooha, Sammy. Arabs and Jews in Israel, vols. I and II. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1989, 1992. A thought-provoking analysis of relations between Jews and Arabs in Israel, based on extensive survey research.

Zureik, Elia T. The Palestinians in Israel: A Study in Internal Colonialism. London; Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1979. A critique by a Palestinian Israeli scholar of the Palestinian transformation in Israel from peasantry to proletariat, the alienation of land, and the politicization of the Palestinian Israelis in the 1970s.

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West Bank and Gaza

Aronson, Geoffrey. Israel, the Palestinians and the Intifada: Creating Facts on the West Bank. London; New York: Kegan Paul International; Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1990. A carefully-researched description of the Jewish settlements constructed on the West Bank by the foremost American expert on settlements.

Aruri, Naseer H., ed. Occupation: Israel over Palestine, 2nd ed. Belmont, MA: AAUG Press, 1989. Detailed essays on legal, socioeconomic, and political conditions on the West Bank and Gaza Strip from writers critical of the Israeli occupation.

Binur, Yoram. My Enemy, My Self. New York: Penguin, 1989. An Israeli Jewish journalist pretends to be Palestinian so that he can experience the living conditions of Palestinians in Tel Aviv and in the occupied territories, as well as the attitudes of Israelis toward Palestinians.

Bisharat, George Emile. Palestinian Lawyers and Israeli Rule: Law and Disorder in the West Bank. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1989. The sole study of the legal profession in the West Bank, with a careful analysis of its decline under Israeli occupation and the difficulties facing lawyers who attempted to defend Palestinian clients before Israeli military courts.

Cossali, Paul and Clive Robson. Stateless in Gaza. London; Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Zed, 1986. British observers’ interviews with Palestinians about their experiences in 1948, their conditions in Gaza under Israeli rule, and the social and political changes with which they are struggling.

Gazit, Shlomo. The Carrot and the Stick: Israel’s Policy in Judaea and Samaria, 1967-68. Washington, DC: B’nai B’rith Books, 1995. Translated from the Hebrew by Reuvik Danielli. The memoirs of the first Israeli military governor of the West Bank.

_________. Trapped Fools: Thirty Years of Israeli Policy in the Territories. London; Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2003. A critical review of Israel’s policies in the occupied territories, by an Israeli former major general and occupation official.

Gerson, Allan. Israel, the West Bank and International Law. London; Totowa, NJ: Frank Cass, 1978. A legal analysis of a decade of Israeli military occupation; the author’s assessment of the validity of competing claims to sovereignty over the territory tends to be sympathetic to Israeli claims.

Gordon, Haim, ed. Looking Back at the June 1967 War. Westport, CT: Preager, 1999. Accounts by Palestinian, Israeli, and American scholars of the June 1967 War and its impact on Palestinians and Israelis.

Haddad, William W., Ghada H. Telhami, Janice J. Terry, eds. The June 1967 War After Three Decades. Washington DC: Association of Arab-American University Graduates, 1999. An array of pro-Palestinian views.

Halabi, Rafik. The West Bank Story: An Israeli Arab’s Views of Both Sides of a Tangled Conflict, 2nd ed. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1985. Translated from the Hebrew by Ina Friedman. An Israeli Druze journalist’s account of the first decade of occupation of the West Bank and Gaza, which expresses his conflicting views as a loyal citizen who is troubled by Israeli policies.

Halsell, Grace. Journey to Jerusalem. New York: Macmillan, 1981. The diary of an American journalist’s encounter with Israelis and Palestinians on the West Bank and Israel during the 1970s.

Harris, William Wilson. Taking Root: Israeli Settlement in the West Bank, the Golan, and Gaza-Sinai, 1967-1980. Chichester, NY: Research Studies Press, 1980. A detailed examination of the political geography of settlements in the initial years.

Karp, Yehudit. The Karp Report: An Israeli Government Inquiry into Settler Violence Against Palestinians on the West Bank. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1984. English translation of the official report by Israel’s deputy attorney general regarding the attacks by Israeli settlers on Palestinians.

Lesch, Ann Mosley. Political Perceptions of the Palestinians on the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Washington, DC: The Middle East Institute, 1980. The first comprehensive overview of the political changes from 1967 to 1980 in the occupied territories, and the Palestinian reactions to the Camp David accords.

_________. Transition to Palestinian Self-Government: Practical Steps toward Israeli-Palestinian Peace (Report of a Study Group of the Middle East Program, Committee on International Security Studies, American Academy of Arts and Sciences.): Bloomington: Indiana University Press; and Cambridge, MA: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1992. A delineation of the political, economic, and security systems on the West Bank, and an outline of steps essential for establishing Palestinian self-rule, written with an Academy study group a year before the Oslo Accords.

Lustick, Ian. For the Land and the Lord: Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1988. A pioneering analysis of the writings and practices of the Jewish settlement movement on the West Bank.

Ma‘oz, Moshe. Palestinian Leadership on the West Bank: The Changing Role of the Arab Mayors under Jordan and Israel. London: Frank Cass, 1988. An Israeli scholar’s assessment of the role of West Bank mayors as nationalist spokesmen opposing Israeli rule, in contrast with their roles under the Ottoman, British, and Jordanian regimes.

Mergui, Raphael and Philippe Simonnot. Israel’s Ayatollahs: Meir Kahane and the Far Right in Israel. London; Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Saqi, 1987. A searing critique of the nationalist religious right-wing movements to colonize and control the West Bank.

Metzger, Jan, Martin Orth, and Christian Sterzing. This Land Is Our Land: The West Bank Under Israeli Occupation. London: Zed, 1983. Translated by Dan and Judy Bryant, Janet Goodwin, and Stefan Schaaf. A first-rate assessment of Israeli rule.

Mishal, Shaul. West Bank/East Bank: The Palestinians in Jordan, 1949-1967. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1978. An assessment of the complex relations between Palestinians and the Jordanian regime in the first decade of Jordanian control over the West Bank.

Oren, Michael B. Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East. New York: Ballantine, 2003.

Robinson, Glenn E. Building a Palestinian State: The Incomplete Revolution. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997. A well-researched analysis of the rise of a new political elite on the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the 1980s from previously marginalized social forces, and the contradictions between those social forces and the PLO leaders who sought to build a state under the terms of the Oslo Accords.

Romann, Michael. Jewish Kiriyat Arba versus Arab Hebron. Jerusalem: Jerusalem Post, 1986. A critical examination of the impact of one military settlement on its Palestinian neighbors.

Rubinstein, Danny. The Mystery of Arafat. South Royalton, VT: Steerforth, 1995. Translated by Dan Leon. An Israeli journalist’s effort to understand Arafat.

Sahliyeh, Emile. In Search of Leadership: West Bank Politics Since 1967. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1988. An in-depth analysis of the shift in power from elite families to mass-supported local politicians, with a particular emphasis on the emerging roles of the Communist Party, student movement, and Islamists, prior to the Intifada.

Segal, Jerome M. Creating the Palestinian State: A Strategy for Peace. Chicago: Lawrence Hill, 1989. Elements of a plan to create a Palestinian state on the West Bank and Gaza.

Shahadeh, Raja. Strangers in the House: Coming of Age in Occupied Palestine. South Royalton, VT: Steerforth, 2002. Autobiography by leading Palestinian lawyer, who comes to terms with the political realities of his childhood.

_________. The Third Way: A Journal of Life in the West Bank: Between Mute Submission and Blind Hate. London; New York: Quartet, 1982. A Palestinian lawyer’s search for a “third way” by which he can live on the West Bank---without succumbing to either blind hatred or abject submission to Israeli domination.

Shehadeh, Raja and Jonathan Kuttab. The West Bank and the Rule of Law: A Study. Geneva: International Commission of Jurists and Law in the Service of Man, 1980. A pioneering examination of the undermining of the rule of law by the Israeli military orders and actions, by two Palestinian lawyers.

Sullivan, Antony T. Palestinian Universities Under Occupation. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 1988. An early assessment of the problems facing universities under the Israeli occupation.

Teveth, Shabtai. The Cursed Blessing: The Story of Israel’s Occupation of the West Bank. New York: Random House, 1971. An Israeli journalist’s critical account of the early years of the Israeli occupation.

Wallach, John and Janet Wallach. Still Small Voices. New York: Carol, 1990. Profiles of fourteen Israeli and Palestinian men and women, based on interviews in 1988.

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Palestinians in Lebanon

Cutting, Pauline. Children of the Siege. New York: St. Martin’s, 1988. A moving memoir by a British doctor about her experiences in Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon in the early 1980s.

Darwish, Mahmud. Memory of Forgetfulness: August, Beirut, 1982. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995. A leading Palestinian poet’s anger at the Israeli siege of Beirut in 1982.

Giannou, Chris. Besieged: A Doctor’s Story of Life and Death in Beirut. New York: Olive Branch, 1992. Memoir of a Canadian doctor who worked in the Shatila refugee camp in Beirut from 1985 to 1988.

al-Hout, Bayan Nowayhed. Sabra and Shatila: September 1982. London; Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto, 2004. Testimonies of families of victims and witnesses of refugee camp atrocities in the 1982 Israel invasion of Lebanon.

Kahan Commission. Beirut Massacre: The Complete Kahan Commission Report. Princeton, NJ: Karz-Cohl, 1983. Official Israeli report on the 1982 Sabra and Shatila massacre.

Kapeliouk, Amnon. Sabra and Shatila: Inquiry into a Massacre. Belmont, MA: AAUG Press, 1984. Translated by Khalil Jahshan. An Israeli journalist’s devastating critique of the Israeli government’s Kahan Report on the massacre of Palestinians in September 1982.

Khalidi, Walid. Conflict and Violence in Lebanon: Confrontation in the Middle East. Cambridge, MA: Center for International Affairs, Harvard University, 1979. Useful background on Lebanese-Palestinian relations, the initial years of the civil war, and the Israeli invasion of 1978, by a senior Palestinian historian.

Khalili, Laleh. Heroes and Martyrs of Palestine: The Politics of National Commemoration. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. A study of commemorations and symbols that have helped forge a sense of nationhood among Palestinians in Lebanon and elsewhere.

Peteet, Julie M. Gender in Crisis: Women and the Palestinian Resistance Movement. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991. A portrait of politically active Palestinian women in Lebanon from 1968 to 1982.

_________. Landscape of Hope and Despair: Palestinian Refugee Camps. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005. Palestinian refugees in Lebanon and how they recreate their sense of place and identity and add meaning to their surroundings through culture and memory from 1948 to the present.

Rabinovich, Itamar. The War for Lebanon, 1970-1985. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985. An Israeli academic and diplomat’s analysis of the civil war from its origins through the Israeli invasion of 1982.

Richards, Leila. The Hills of Sidon: Journal from South Lebanon. New York: Adama, 1988. Reflections by a doctor who established a clinic near Ein el-Hilweh refugee camp after the Israeli invasion of 1982.

Sayigh, Rosemary. Palestinians: From Peasants to Revolutionaries. New York: Monthly Review, 1979. A pioneering analysis of the political awakening of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon.

_________. Too Many Enemies: The Palestinian Experience in Lebanon. London; Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Zed, 1994. A thoughtful case study of the dilemmas facing Palestinian refugees in the Shatila camp.

Schiff, Ze’ev and Ehud Ya’ari. Israel’s Lebanon War. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984. Translated by Ina Friedman. Israeli war correspondents’ critique of the Israeli invasion of Lebanon.

Turki, Fawaz. The Disinherited: Journal of a Palestinian Exile. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1972. A Palestinian intellectual’s angry depiction of his life as a refugee in Lebanon and of his profound sense of political alienation.

___________. Soul in Exile: Lives of a Palestinian Revolutionary. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1988. Autobiographical reflections on refugee life in Lebanon during the civil war and during Black September, and on the attitudes of foreigners toward Palestinians.

Yermiya, Dov. My War Diary: Lebanon, June 5 - July 1, 1982. Boston: South End, 1984. A Jewish Israeli reserve officer’s painful experiences with the Israeli forces in Lebanon, where he was in charge of civilian relief in Sidon. In this book, he sharply criticizes the army’s treatment of Lebanese and Palestinian civilians.

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Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)

Abu Iyad with Eric Rouleau. My Home, My Land: A Narrative of the Palestinian Struggle. New York: Times Books, 1981. Translated by Linda Butler Koseoglu. An insightful account of the Palestinian national movement by Salah Khalaf (Abu Iyad), a founder of Fatah.

Aburish, Said K. Arafat: From Defender to Dictator. London: Bloombury, 1998. A sharp critique of Arafat, which emphasizes the role of his personality, more than the flawed peace agreement, as the cause of the difficulties facing Palestinians.

Abu-Sharif, Bassam and Uzi Mahnaimi. Best of Enemies: The Memoirs of Bassam Abu-Sharif and Uzi Mahnaimi. Boston: Little Brown, 1995. Autobiographical reflections by a PLO official and an Israeli.

Amal, Jamal. The Palestinian National Movement: Politics of Contention, 1967-2005. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005. A critique of Palestinian leadership.

Cobban, Helena. The Palestinian Liberation Organization: People, Power, and Politics. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984. A careful overview of the pivotal role of Fatah within the PLO, with a spotlight on the 1970s in Lebanon.

Cooley, John K. Green March, Black September: The Story of the Palestinian Arabs. London: Frank Cass, 1973. A sympathetic American journalist’s account of the rise of the PLO and the confrontation with the Jordanian army in 1970.

Cubert, Harold M. The PFLP’s Changing Role in the Middle East. London; Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1997. A description of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine that fails to analyze its internal splits or its ideological changes.

Dannreuther, Roland. The Soviet Union and the PLO. New York: St. Martin’s, 1998. A careful historical analysis of the fluctuating Soviet-PLO relationship between 1964 and 1991.

Frangi, Abdallah. The PLO and Palestine. London: Zed, 1983. Translated by Paul Knight. A history of the Palestinians, which focuses on the PLO’s presence in Jordan and Lebanon, through the Israeli invasion of 1982.

Golan, Galia. The Soviet Union and the Palestine Liberation Organization: An Uneasy Alliance. New York: Praeger, 1980. A solid assessment of the relationship between Moscow and the PLO during the 1960s and 1970s, by an Israeli Sovietologist.

Gowers, Andrew and Tony Walker. Behind the Myth: Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Revolution. New York: Olive Branch, 1992. British journalists’ biography of Arafat.

Gresh, Alain. The PLO: The Struggle Within: Towards an Independent Palestinian State, 2nd ed. London: Zed, 1988. A French journalist's analysis of the ideological positions and debates among Palestinian groups, and of the evolving official positions of the PLO through the early 1980s.

Hart, Alan. Arafat: A Political Biography. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989. A laudatory portrait of Arafat, based on wide-ranging interviews.

al-Hassan, Khaled. Grasping the Nettle of Peace: A Senior Palestinian Figure Speaks Out. London: Saqi, 1992. A call for peace by a leader of Fatah, who chaired the foreign relations committee of the Palestine National Council.

Khalidi, Rashid. Under Siege: PLO Decisionmaking During the 1982 War. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986. An insider’s account of the negotiations that led to the PLO’s withdrawal from Beirut.

_________. The Iron Cage: The Story of the Palestinian Struggle for Statehood. Boston: Beacon, 2006. A fine empathetic but critical study of why the Palestinians failed to achieve statehood from the British Mandate until the present.

Miller, Aaron David. The Arab States and the Palestine Question: Between Ideology and Self-Interest. New York: published with the Center Strategic and International Studies; Washington, DC: Georgetown University; by Praeger. An assessment of the positions adopted by Arab regimes relative to the issue of Palestine.

_________. The PLO and the Politics of Survival. New York: Praeger, 1983. An examination of the political constraints facing the PLO up to 1982, and why it was unable to achieve its stated goals.

Mishal, Shaul. The PLO Under Arafat: Between Gun and Olive Branch. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1986. A critique of the Palestinian national movement, through its departure from Lebanon.

Muslih, Muhammad Y. Toward Coexistence: An Analysis of the Resolutions of the Palestine National Council. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1990. A useful outline of the changes in PLO positions from 1964 to 1988.

Musallam, Sami. The Palestine Liberation Organization: Its Function and Structure. Brattleboro, VT: Amana, 1990. A description of the nonmilitary institutions of the PLO, by the director of Arafat’s office.

O’Neill, Bard E. Armed Struggle in Palestine: A Political-Military Analysis. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1978. An American military analyst’s investigation of the Palestinian guerrilla movement in the context of protracted insurgencies, which concludes that a PLO-led Palestinian state might not threaten Israel’s security and existence.

Quandt, William B., Fuad Jabber, and Ann Mosley Lesch. The Politics of Palestinian Nationalism. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973. The first basic text on the early years of the PLO and its confrontation with Jordan in 1970, with a succinct opening chapter on the Mandate period.

Rubenberg, Cheryl. The Palestine Liberation Organization: Its Institutional Infrastructure. Belmont, MA: Institute of Arab Studies, 1983. A brief summary of the organization of the PLO, written just before the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982.

Sahliyeh, Emile. The PLO After the Lebanon War. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1986. A critical look at the PLO’s forced exodus from Beirut in August 1982, and the impact of that exodus on the military, political, and diplomatic standing of the PLO.

Said, Edward. The Politics of Dispossession: The Struggle for Palestinian Self-Determination, 1969-1994. New York: Pantheon, 1994. Collection of essays tracing 25 years of the Palestinian struggle for statehood.

_________. The Question of Palestine. New York: Vintage, 1992. A leading Palestinian intellectual’s reflections on the evolution of the concept of Palestinian nationalism.

Sayigh, Yezid. Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993. Oxford, UK; Clarendon; New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. An encyclopedic account of how armed struggle reforged Palestinian national identity, mobilized Palestinians in exile, and helped to create a political elite and institutions that could form the basis of an independent government.

Sela, Avraham and Moshe Ma’oz, eds. The PLO and Israel: From Armed Conflict to Political Solution, 1964-1994. New York: St. Martin’s, 1997. A collection of essays by Israeli, Palestinian, and American scholars reflecting on the evolution of the PLO over thirty years. The essays were delivered at a conference at the Hebrew University.

Wallach, John and Janet Wallach. Arafat: In the Eyes of the Beholder, 2nd ed. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Publishing, 1997. A biography of Arafat by sympathetic American journalists.

Yaari, Ehud. Strike Terror: The Story of Fatah. New York: Sabra, 1970. Translated from the Hebrew by Esther Yaari. An Israeli journalist’s account of the rise of Arafat and Fatah in the 1960s.

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The First Intifada

Abu-’Amr, Ziad. Islamic Fundamentalism in the West Bank and Gaza: Muslim Brotherhood and Islamic Jihad. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994. An analysis of the political programs of Palestinian Islamist movements, which emphasizes the impact of the Intifada on their ideologies and actions.

Ahmad, Hisham H. Hamas: From Religious Salvation to Political Transformation: The Rise of Hamas in Palestinian Society. Jerusalem: PASSIA, 1994. A brief examination of the Islamist movement, including its charter.

Brynen, Rex, ed. Echoes of the Intifada: Regional Repercussions of the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1991. Essays on the reactions to the Intifada in Israel, by Arab governments and by the superpowers.

Bucaille, Laetitia. Growing Up Palestinian: Israeli Occupation and the Intifada Generation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004. Translated into English from French by Anthony Roberts. French political scientist tells the inside story of three young Palestinian men involved in violence against Israel during the Intifada.

Chehab, Zaki. Inside Hamas: The Untold Story of the Militant Islamic Movement. New York: Nation, 2007. Journalist traces the history and rise of Hamas.

Collins, John. Occupied by Memory: The Intifada Generation and the Palestinian State of Emergency. New York: New York University Press, 2004. Shows how Palestinians remember, reshape, and reinvent memories of the 1987-93 Intifada.

Doughty, Dick and Mohammed El Aydi. Gaza: Legacy of Occupation–A Photographer's Journey. West Hartford, CT: Kumarian, 1995. A deeply moving account of the lives of Palestinian refugees in Gaza by an American photo-journalist.

Emerson, Gloria. Gaza: A Year in the Intifada: A Personal Account from an Occupied Land. New York: Atlantic Monthly, 1991. An American journalist’s experiences in Gaza in the late 1980s.

Gluck, Sherna Berger. An American Feminist in Palestine: The Intifada Years. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994. The diary of a Jewish American professor who visited the West Bank and Gaza for extended periods from 1988 to 1991.

al-HAQ, Law in the Service of Man. Punishing a Nation: Human Rights Violations During the Palestinian Uprising, December 1987-December 1998: A Report. Boston: South End, 1999. A detailed indictment of Israeli policies during the first year of the Intifada.

Hiltermann, Joost R. Behind the Intifada: Labor and Women’s Movements in the Occupied Territories. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991. A thoughtful examination of the grassroots mobilization of women and workers that presaged the Intifada.

Hroub, Khaled. Hamas: Political Thought and Practice. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 2000. The most comprehensive study of the militant Islamic movement that emerged during the Intifada; the book provides a detailed analysis of Hamas’ positions on political and social issues.

_________. Hamas: A Beginner's Guide. Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto, 2006. Along with the Mishal/Sela book, this is the best introduction to Hamas.

Hunter, F. Robert. The Palestinian Uprising: A War by Other Means, 2nd ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. A scholarly analysis of the causes and evolution of the Intifada, which assesses its achievements and its shortcomings.

King, Mary Elizabeth. A Quiet Revolution: The First Palestinian Intifada and Nonviolent Resistance. New York: Nation, 2007. Renowned civil rights activist analyzes the massive nonviolent social mobilization of the first Intifada, details the causes of escalating violence, and situates the Intifada within the history of other nonviolent movements---with particular attention to the activism of women. Introduction by Jimmy Carter.

Lockman, Zachary and Joel Beinin, eds. Intifada: The Palestinian Uprising Against Israeli Occupation. Boston: MERIP and South End, 1989. Essays on the causes and transformative impact of the Intifada.

Melman,Yossi and Raviv Dan. Behind the Uprising: Israelis, Jordanians and Palestinians. New York: Greenwood, 1989. An Israeli perspective of the uprising.

Mishal, Shaul and Reuben Aharoni. Speaking Stones: Communiqués from the Intifada Underground. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1994. An analysis of the evolving demands during the Intifada, including of numerous nationalist and Hamas leaflets.

Mishal, Shaul and Avraham Sela. The Palestinian Hamas: Vision, Violence, and Coexistence, 2nd ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 2006. Two Israeli scholars analyze Hamas as a social political movement.

Nassar, Jamal R, and Roger Heacock, eds. Intifada: Palestine at the Crossroads. New York: Praeger, 1990. A collection of essays, primarily by Palestinians, on the opening year of the Intifada.

Nixon, Anne. The Status of Palestinian Children During the Uprising in the Occupied Territories, vols. I – III. Stockholm: Radda Barnen (Save the Children) Fund, 1990. A detailed account of the deaths and injuries of children, in the context of the overall impact of Israeli occupation policies.

Nüsse, Andrea. Muslim Palestine: The Ideology of Hamas. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic, 1998. An uneven analysis of Hamas in the early 1990s, which stresses its pragmatism and its concern to retain its popular roots.

O’Ballance, Edgar. The Palestinian Intifada. New York: St. Martin’s, 1998. Account of the first Palestinian uprising, written by a British military historian.

Peleg, Ilan. Human Rights in the West Bank and Gaza: Legacy and Politics. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995. A thoughtful legal and political analysis of human rights violations in the occupied territories.

Peretz, Don. Intifada: The Palestinian Uprising. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1990. A succinct overview of the causes of the Intifada and its impact on Palestinians and Israelis.

Physicians for Human Rights. The Casualties of Conflict: Medical Care and Human Rights in the West Bank and Gaza Strip: Report of Medical Fact Finding Mission. Somerville, MA: Physicians for Human Rights, 1988. A report by a leading U.S. human rights organization into Israeli actions in the first year of the Intifada.

Playfair, Emma, ed. International Law and the Administration of Occupied Territories: Two Decades of Israeli Occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Oxford, UK: Clarendon; New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. A collection of essays on the legal and human rights aspects of Israel’s occupation.

Rashad, Ahmad. Hamas: Palestinian Politics with an Islamic Hue. Springfield, VA: United Association for Studies and Research, 1993. A sympathetic commentary on the Islamist movement. Schiff, Ze’ev and Ehud Ya’ari. Intifada: The Palestinian Uprising- Israel’s Third Front. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991. A study by Israeli journalists of the initial years of the Palestinian Intifada, which takes a critical look at Israeli policies.

Steinberg, Paul and A. M. Oliver. The Graffiti of the Intifada. Jerusalem: PASSIA, 1990. A look at the symbolic political messages expressed during the uprising.

Winternitz, Helen. A Season of Stones: Living in a Palestinian Village. New York: Atlantic Monthly, 1991. A personal account by an American journalist of life in a West Bank village, which was radically affected by the Intifada as well as by the expansion of Israeli settlements.

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Oslo, Camp David, and After

Abbas, Mahmud. Through Secret Channels: The Road to Oslo: Senior PLO Leader Abu Mazen’s Revealing Story of the Negotiations with Israel. Reading, UK: Garnet, 1995. Revelations by a top Palestinian negotiator about the Israeli-PLO negotiations.

Aburish, Said K. Arafat: From Defender to Dictator. London: Bloomsbury, 1998. A sharp critique of Arafat, which emphasizes the role of his personality, more than the flawed peace agreement, as the cause of the difficulties facing Palestinians.

Agha, Hussein, Shai Feldman, Ahmad Khalidi, and Zeev Schiff. Track-II Diplomacy: Lessons from the Middle East. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. Israeli and Palestinian accounts of six case studies of Track-II talks in the 1990s.

Amnesty International. Israel/Occupied Territories and the Palestinian Authority: Five Years After the Oslo Agreement: Human Rights Sacrificed for ‘Security’. New York: Amnesty International USA, 1998. A strong indictment of Israeli and Palestinian human rights violations from 1993 to 1998.

Ashrawi, Hanan. This Side of Peace: A Personal Account. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. The autobiography of a prominent Palestinian female academic and politician, which stresses her role in Israeli-Palestinian negotiations.

Barghouti, Mourid. I Saw Ramallah. Cairo; New York: The American University in Cairo Press, 2000. Translated from the Arabic by Ahdorf Soueif. An eloquent autobiographical narrative by a Palestinian poet who returns home in 1996 after thirty years in the Diaspora.

Baskin, Gershon and Zakaria al-Qaq. The Future of the Israeli Settlements in the Final Status Negotiations. Jerusalem: Israel/Palestine Center for Research and Information (IPCRI), 1997. Palestinian and Israeli views on the status and future of settlements on the West Bank and Gaza.

Beilin, Yossi. Touching Peace: From the Oslo Accord to a Final Agreement. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1999. Translated from the Hebrew by Philip Simpson. First-hand account of the intricacies of the Oslo peace process, by leading Israeli politician and diplomat who was central to the process.

Beinin, Joel and Rebecca L. Stein, eds. The Struggle for Sovereignty: Palestine and Israel, 1993 – 2005. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006. A collection of essays, interviews, and documentary sources, 1993 – 2005, by academics, activists, and journalists from Palestine, Israel, and the United States.

Bishara, Marwan. Palestine/Israel: Peace or Apartheid. New York: Zed, 2001. Critiques the power asymmetry inherent in the Oslo process and the fact that this asymmetry was overlooked.

Boutwell, Jeffrey and Everett Mendelsohn. Israeli-Palestinian Security: Issues in the Permanent Status Negotiations. Cambridge, MA: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1995. The effort by a study group to wrestle with the long-term security issues dividing Palestinians and Israelis.

Bowen, Stephen, ed. Human Rights, Self-Determination, and Political Change in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. The Hague; Boston: M. Nijhoff, 1997. An analysis of human rights in the context of the changing political order.

Bregman, Ahron. Elusive Peace: How the Holy Land Defeated America. New York: Penguin, 2005. An inside account of the Camp David 2000 talks, by a member of the Israeli delegation. Although this book is critical of all parties, it is especially salient on the Israeli--U.S. ties and why the talks failed.

Brown, Nathan J. Palestinian Politics after the Oslo Accords: Resuming Arab Palestine. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003. Offers an internal perspective on Palestinian politics.

B’tselem (written by Yizhar Be’er and Abdel-Jawad Saleh). Collaborators in the Occupied Territories: Human Rights Abuses and Violations. Jerusalem: The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, 1994. A careful investigation into the extrajudicial punishment of collaborators.

Caplan, Neil and Laura Zittrain Eisenberg. Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998. Two historians of the Arab-Israeli conflict examine prevailing patterns of negotiations and their likelihood to lead to a resolution of the conflict.

Carey, Roane, ed. The New Intifada: Resisting Israel’s Apartheid. London; New York: Verso, 2001. Written mainly by Palestinian intellectuals, journalists, and activists, including: Ali Abunimah, Ghassan Andoni, Omar Barghouti, Azmi Bishara, Noam Chomsky, Robert Fisk, Muna Hamzeh, Hussein Ibish, Jan de Jong, Jennifer Loewenstein, Allegra Pacheco, Mouin Rabbani, Sara Roy, Edward Said, Salman Abu Sitta, Gila Svirsky, and others.

Corbin, Jane. The Norway Channel: The Secret Talks That Led to the Middle East Peace Accord. New York: Atlantic Monthly, 1994. An inside track on the secret negotiations between Israel and the PLO that led to the Oslo Accords.

Enderlin, Charles. Shattered Dreams: The Failure of the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1995-2002. New York: Other Press, 2003. Translated by Susan Fairfield. The author, Middle East Bureau Chief of the French public television network, France 2, provides detailed descriptions of the secret Israeli-Palestinian and Israeli-Syrian negotiations, including an excellent nonpartisan detailed account of the Camp David summit in July 2000.

Frisch, Hillel. Countdown to Statehood: Palestinian State Formation in the West Bank and Gaza. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1998. A critique of Arafat’s leadership style, which concentrates power in his hands at the expense of developing sustainable institutions of government.

Gee, John. Unequal Conflict: The Palestinians and Israel. Sterling, VA: Pluto, 1998. A stimulating analysis of the current phase of modern Palestinian history, which is ending with near defeat, and questions about whether Palestine can be transformed and revitalized.

Giacaman, George and Dag Jorund Lonning, eds. After Oslo: New Realities, Old Problems. London; Chicago: Pluto, 1998. Valuable essays on how the Oslo Accords are shaping Palestinian politics, economy, and society.

Golan, Galia. Israel and Palestine: Peace Plans and Proposals from Oslo to Disengagement. Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener, 2008. An account of recent peace proposals by an Israeli peace activist.

Guyatt, Nicholas. The Absence of Peace: Understanding the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. London; New York: Zed, 1998. Critical examination of the conception and implementation of the Oslo Peace Accords.

Hass, Amira. Drinking the Sea at Gaza: Days and Nights in a Land under Seige. New York: Metropolitan, 1999. Translated by Elana Wesley and Maxine Kaufman-Lacusta. An insightful depiction, by an Israeli journalist, of political currents and ordinary Palestinian life in the refugee camps and towns of the Gaza Strip, where the people are buffeted by pressures from Israeli security forces and the Palestinian Authority.

__________. Reporting from Ramallah: An Israeli Journalist in an Occupied Land. Los Angeles; New York: Semiotext (e); Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. Translated by Rachel Leah Jones. Israeli journalist living in a Palestinian town describes the daily experiences of Palestinians.

Hiro, Dilip. Sharing the Promised Land: A Tale of Israelis and Palestinians. New York: Olive Branch, 1999. A comprehensive, journalistic chronicle of Israeli and Palestinian lives that focuses on contemporary times.

International Crisis Group. After Mecca: Engaging Hamas. Brussels and Washington DC: International Crisis Group, 2007. An account of the Mecca Agreement between Fatah and Hamas.

Kassim, Anis, ed. The Palestine Yearbook of International Law, vol. VIII (1994-95). The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1996. Analyses of the implications of the Oslo Accords as a form of self-rule and of the control over water in the West Bank.

Lybarger, Loren D. Identity and Religion in Palestine: The Struggle between Islamism and Secularism in the Occupied Territories. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007. An account of rising tensions between Islamists and secular nationalists, based on interviews in Gaza and the West Bank.

Makovsky, David. Making Peace with the PLO: The Rabin Government’s Road to the Oslo Accord. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1996. A Jerusalem Post journalist’s account of negotiations behind the Oslo Accords.

Meital, Yoram. Peace in Tatters: Israel, Palestine and the Middle East. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2006. A well documented analysis blaming Israel and the United States for the failure of the Oslo process.

Palestinian Centre for Human Rights. Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Yellow Areas in the Gaza Strip. Gaza City: Palestinian Centre for Human Rights, 1999. An investigation into the conditions facing Palestinians in Israeli-dominated areas of the Gaza Strip.

Parsons, Nigel Craig. The Politics of the Palestinian Authority: From Oslo to al-Aqsa. New York: Routledge, 2004. Looks at the transformation of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) from a liberation movement to a national authority.

Pearlman, Wendy. Occupied Voices: Stories of Everyday Life from the Second Intifada. New York: Nation, 2003. Stories of Palestinians living through the second Intifada, compiled by a Jewish American doctoral student.

Robinson, Glenn E. Building a Palestinian State: The Incomplete Revolution. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997. A well-researched analysis of the rise of a new political elite on the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the 1980s from previously marginalized social forces, and the contradictions between those social forces and the PLO leaders who sought to build a state under the terms of the Oslo Accords.

Ross, Dennis. The Missing Peace: The Inside Story for the Fight of the Middle East Peace. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2005. A useful, though partisan, account of the Arab – Israeli negotiations by a chief American negotiator.

Rothstein, Robert L., Moshe Ma’oz, and Khalil Shikaki. The Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process: Oslo and the Lessons of Failure: Perspectives, Predicaments and Prospects. Brighton, UK; Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 2002. An effort by Israeli and Palestinian scholars to understand the failure and lessons of Oslo.

Rubin, Barry. The Transformation of Palestinian Politics: From Revolution to State-Building. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999. Examines the prospects of Palestinian statehood post-1993, from an Israeli point of view.

Said, Edward W. Peace and Its Discontents: Essays on Palestine in the Middle East Peace Process. New York: Vintage, 1995. Critical analysis of the peace process by a leading Palestinian intellectual and Columbia University professor.

_________. The End of the Peace Process: Oslo and After. New York: Vintage, 2001. Fifty essays by a leading Palestinian American intellectual that incisively critique the Oslo peace process and its failure to establish the basis for an independent, democratic Palestine.

Sandercock, Josie, Radhika Sainath, Marissa McLaughlin, Hussein Khalili, Nicholas Blincoe, Huwaida Arraf, and Ghassan Andoni, eds. Peace under Fire: Israel/Palestine and the International Solidarity Movement. London; New York: Verso, 2004. A compilation of accounts revealing the harsh realities of life under occupation and describing the birth of the international solidarity movement.

Savir, Uri. The Process: 1,100 Days That Changed the Middle East. New York: Random House, 1998. Detailed description of Israeli-Palestinian talks, written by Israel’s chief negotiator with the PLO from 1993 to 1996. Acknowledges the asymmetry of the Oslo talks.

Shamir, Shimon and Bruce Maddy-Weitzman, eds. The Camp David Summit: What Went Wrong? Americans, Israelis and Palestinians Analyze the Failure of the Boldest Attempt Ever to Resolve the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict. Brighton, UK; Portland, OR: Sussex Academic, 2005. An account by participants in the peace process.

Shehadeh, Raja. From Occupation to Interim Accords: Israel and the Palestinian Territories. London; Boston: Kluwer Law International, 1997. Legal analysis of the 1993-95 Oslo Accords; the book also assesses the political debates among Palestinians and Israelis about the negotiations.

Swisher, Clayton E. The Truth about Camp David: The Untold Story about the Collapse of the Middle East Peace Process. New York: Nation, 2004. Excellent critique of the U.S. and Israeli participation in the July 2000 – January 2001 Camp David II negotiations. With Bregman and Enderlin, Swisher’s account is one of the best books on the Camp David 2000 talks, refuting the claim---advanced by Ehud Barak, Dennis Ross, and Bill Clinton---of sole Palestinian responsibility for their failure. Based on interviews with participants from all delegations.

Tilley, Virginia. The One-State Solution: A Breakthrough for Peace in the Israeli-Palestinian Deadlock. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005. Discussion of the one-state option in light of the failure of the Oslo process.

Usher, Graham. Palestine in Crisis: The Struggle for Peace and Political Independence after Oslo. London: Pluto, 1995. A clearly written analysis of the immediate outcome of the Oslo Accords, by a leading journalist based in the occupied territories.

Weinberger, Peter Ezra. Co-opting the PLO: A Critical Reconstruction of the Oslo Accords 1993 – 1995. Lanham, MD: Lexington, 2006. Critique of the Israeli participation in Oslo.

Wittes, Tamara Cofman, ed. How Israelis and Palestinians Negotiate: A Cross-Cultural Analysis of the Oslo Peace Process. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 2005. Essays by William Quandt, Omar Dejani, and Aharon Kleiman.

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Israeli Policies and Attitudes

Allon, Yigal. The Making of Israel’s Army. New York: Universe, 1970. An account of the formation of the Haganah and the battles of 1948-49, by a senior commander.

Amnesty International. Israel/Occupied Territories and the Palestinian Authority: Five Years After the Oslo Agreement: Human Rights Sacrificed for ‘Security’. New York: Amnesty International USA, 1998. A strong indictment of Israeli and Palestinian human rights violations from 1993 to 1998.

Avineri, Shlomo, ed. Israel and the Palestinians; Reflections on the Clash of Two National Movements. New York: St. Martin’s, 1971. A collection of eleven articles on the Israeli-Palestinian dilemma.

Avishai, Bernard. The Tragedy of Zionism: Revolution and Democracy in the Land of Israel. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1985. A lively analysis of political and cultural Zionism and the painful contradictions created by the occupation of the West Bank.

Bar-on, Mordechai. In Pursuit of Peace: A History of the Israeli Peace Movement. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1996. A Peace Now activist traces the shifts in Israeli perceptions of the Palestinians since 1948, with a particular focus on the 1980s.

Ben-Ari, Eyal and Yoram Bilu. Grasping Land: Space and Place in Contemporary Israeli Discourse and Experience. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997. Essays on the ways in which “land” is used to construct social and political identity.

Ben-Gurion, David. Israel: Years of Challenge. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963. Autobiography that depicts the former Israeli prime minister’s role in the struggle for independence in 1948-49 and the Suez crisis of 1956.

Benvenisti, Meron. Intimate Enemies: Jews and Arabs in a Shared Land. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995. An impassioned essay by an Israeli dove and former deputy mayor of Jerusalem that focuses on the Israeli-Palestinian struggle from the Intifada and the Gulf War to the Oslo Accords in 1993.

___________. Sacred Landscape: The Buried History of the Holy Land Since 1948. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000. A prize-winning analysis of the manipulation of land to achieve national political objectives.

Bornstein, Avram S. Crossing the Green Line Between the West Bank and Israel. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002. An ethnography of violence, power, and the realities of conflict where Israel and Palestine interface.

Bregman, Ahron and Jihan El-Tahri. Fifty Years’ War: Israel and the Arabs. New York: TV Books, 1999. An Israeli-born academic and a Lebanese-born journalist examine the causes behind the Arab-Israeli conflict. The book includes material from interviews with politicians, journalists, and soldiers.

B’tselem. Law Enforcement vis-à-vis Israeli Civilians in the Occupied Territories. Jerusalem: The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, 1994. An analysis of the differential treatment of Israelis by Israeli authorities.

_________. Routine Torture: Interrogation Methods of the General Security Service. Jerusalem: The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, 1998. A powerful critique of interrogation techniques used against Palestinian detainees.

Carey, Roane and Jonathan Shainin, eds. The Other Israel: Voices of Refusal and Dissent. New York: New Press, 2002. Progressive Israeli intellectuals and activists critique the occupation of the Palestinian territories by Israel. Contributors include David Grossman, Amira Hass, Avi Shlaim, Ilan Pappé, Gideon Levy, Meron Benvenisti, Neve Gordon, Shulamit Aloni, Baruch Kimmerling, Ami Ayalon, Ze'ev Sternhell, Gila Svirsky, Uri Avnery, Neta Golan and Ian Urbina, Jeff Halper, Yitzhak, Shamai Leibowitz, Ishai Menuchin, Adi Ophir, Assaf Oron, Tanya Reinhart, Yigal Shochat.

Carter, Jimmy. Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006. An account of former president Carter’s involvement in peace negotiations; the book is critical of Israel’s actions in the occupied territories.

Cohen-Almagor, Raphael. The Boundaries of Liberty and Tolerance: The Struggle Against Kahanism in Israel. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994. An analysis of how a liberal society responds to extremism, particularly regarding the reactions to the Kach movement.

Cook, Jonathan. Blood and Religion: The Unmasking of the Jewish and Democratic State. London; Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto, 2006. Written by a well known journalist, this book charts Israel’s increasingly desperate responses to the threat of a Palestinian majority in the region---which the author fears will lead to a third, far deadlier Intifada.

Elon, Amos. A Blood-Dimmed Tide: Dispatches from the Middle East. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. A compilation of published essays by a leading Israeli author, reflecting on the occupation, peace negotiations, and the use of history for political ends.

Ezrahi, Yaron. Rubber Bullets: Power and Conscience in Modern Israel. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1997. Reflections on the tension between Israeli liberal-democratic traditions (“rubber”) and the belief in military force and ethnocentric solidarity (“bullets”).

Finkelstein, Norman G. Image and Reality of the Israel-Palestine Conflict, 2nd ed. New York: Verso, 2003. The author provides an overview of the Israel-Palestine conflict; examines the parallels of Israeli policy in the occupied territories to South African apartheid; and critically examines the leading Israeli texts.

Flapan, Simha, ed. When Enemies Dare to Talk: An Israeli Palestinian Debate. London: New Outlook / Croom Helm 1979. An account by a former leader of the peace movement.

Gazit, Shlomo. The Carrot and the Stick: Israel’s Policy in Judaea and Samaria, 1967-68. Washington, DC: B’nai B’rith Books, 1995. The memoirs of the first Israeli military governor of the West Bank.

Grossman, David. The Smile of the Lamb. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1990. Translated from the Hebrew by Betsy Rosenberg. A disturbing novel about a troubled Israeli soldier serving in the occupation forces on the West Bank.

__________. The Yellow Wind. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2002. Translated from the Hebrew by Haim Watzman. An Israeli writer’s interviews with Palestinians in refugee camps, villages, and Bethlehem University as well as Israeli settlers and security officers, and his reflections on the price that both Palestinians and Israelis pay for the 20-year-long occupation.

__________. Death as a Way of Life: Israel Ten Years after Oslo. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2003. Translated from the Hebrew by Haim Watzman. Noted Israeli novelist watches tentative steps toward peace falter; he provides a nuanced tale of modern Israeli culture and politics and exposes his own inner questioning.

Hajjar, Lisa. Courting Conflict: The Israeli Military Court System in the West Bank and Gaza. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005. Exposes the ways that law can be used to pursue the interests of the Israeli state against Palestinians under occupation. 

Harkabi, Yehoshafat. Israel’s Fateful Hour. New York: Harper & Row, 1988. A call for peace and the establishment of a Palestinian state on the West Bank, written by the (previously hawkish) head of Israeli military intelligence.

Heller, Mark A. A Palestinian State: The Implications for Israel. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983. A pioneering Israeli proposal, which argues that ending the occupation and establishing a Palestinian state on the West Bank and Gaza will enhance Israel’s security.

Human Rights Watch/Middle East. A License to Kill: Israeli Operations Against "Wanted" and Masked Palestinians. New York: Human Rights Watch, 1993. A carefully researched analysis of Israeli extrajudicial killings of Palestinians.

__________. Prison Conditions in Israel and the Occupied Territories. New York: Human Rights Watch, 1991. A detailed report on the detention of Palestinians.

___________. Torture and Ill Treatment: Israel’s Interrogation of Palestinians from the Occupied Territories. New York: Human Rights Watch, 1994. A highly credible report based on interviews with former Palestinian detainees.

__________. Israel: Israel’s Closure of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. New York: Human Rights Watch, 1996. A detailed examination of the economic and social harm inflicted on Palestinians by the closure of the occupied territories and Jerusalem.

__________. Israel, Legislating Impunity: The Draft Law to Halt Palestinian Torture Claims. New York: Human Rights Watch, 1998. A critique of the Israeli effort to block Palestinian legal claims.

__________. Israel, the Occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip, and the Palestinian Authority Territories: Investigation into Unlawful Use of Force in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Northern Israel: October 4 through October 11. New York: Human Rights Watch, 2000. A brief, first-hand report on Israeli and Palestinian actions during the second week of the uprising that began in September 2000.

Kimmerling, Baruch. The Invention and Decline of Israeliness: Society, Society and the Military. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001. Prominent Israeli social scientist reexamines the birth of Israel and the division within the Israeli state.

__________. Politicide: Ariel Sharon's War Against the Palestinians. London; New York: Verso, 2006. Israeli leftist academic criticizes Sharon’s quest to reshape the geopolitical landscape of the Middle East while denying Palestinians their right to self-determination.

Kotler, Yair. Heil Kahane. New York: Adama, 1986. Translated by Edward Levin. A biography of Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the Jewish Defense League and Kach party, who urged the expulsion of the Palestinians from Israel and the occupied territories.

Langer, Felicia. With My Own Eyes: Israel and the Occupied Territories, 1967-1973. London: Ithaca, 1975. The personal account by a courageous Israeli lawyer of her efforts to defend the human and civil rights of the Palestinians in the West Bank, with riveting descriptions of military court trials and prison conditions.

_________. These Are My Brothers: Israel and the Occupied Territories, 1974-1977. London: Ithaca, 1979. More accounts from lawyer Felicia Langer on her efforts to defend the human and civil rights of the Palestinian Arabs on the West Bank.

Morris, Benny. Israel’s Border Wars, 1949-1956: Arab Infiltration, Israeli Retaliation, and the Countdown to the Suez War. London: Clarendon; New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. Focuses on the failure of Israeli strategies to stem cross-border infiltration and the counterproductive impact of Israel’s policy of retaliation on Arab-Israeli relations.

Nathan, Susan. The Other Side of Israel: My Journey across the Jewish-Arab Divide. New York: Doubleday, 2005. Account by a British-born Jew who moved from Tel Aviv to the Palestinian town of Tamra. In the book she criticizes Israel as a state that “enforces a system of land apartheid between... two populations.”

Netanyahu, Benjamin. A Place Among the Nations: Israel and the World. New York: Bantam, 1993. The views of one of Israel’s Likud party leaders toward the peace process and Israeli identity, written before Netanyahu became prime minister.

Newman, David, ed. The Impact of Gush Emunim: Politics and Settlement in the West Bank. New York: St. Martin’s, 1985. A collection of essays examining the ideology and practice of settlement activity under the banner of religious nationalism.

__________. Population, Settlement, and Conflict: Israel and the West Bank. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991. A careful analysis of the demographic and territorial dimensions of the struggle to control the West Bank.

Orr, Akiva. Israel: Politics, Myths, and Identity Crises. London; Boulder, CO: Pluto, 1994. Written by a long-standing leftist Israeli activist.

Oz, Amos. In the Land of Israel. New York: Vintage, 1983. Translated from the Hebrew by Maurie Goldberg-Bartura. A dovish Israeli writer’s encounters with Israelis of various political views and social backgrounds in West Bank settlements and Israeli cities, as well as his discussions about the Israeli occupation with Palestinian journalists.

Palestinian Centre for Human Rights. Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Yellow Areas in the Gaza Strip. Gaza City: Palestinian Centre for Human Rights, 1999. An investigation into the conditions facing Palestinians in Israeli-dominated areas of the Gaza Strip.

Peleg, Ilan. Human Rights in the West Bank and Gaza: Legacy and Politics. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995. A thoughtful legal and political analysis of human rights violations in the occupied territories.

Peres, Shimon. Battling for Peace: A Memoir. New York: Random House, 1995. An inside view of the complexities of peacemaking, by a leading Israeli politician.

Phillips, Melissa. Torture for Security: The Systematic Torture and Ill-Treatment of Palestinians in Israel. Ramallah: al-Haq, 1995. An investigation into Israeli interrogation methods, by a researcher from a leading Palestinian human rights organization.

Playfair, Emma, ed. International Law and the Administration of Occupied Territories. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. A collection of essays on the legal and human rights aspects of Israel’s occupation.

Podeh, Eli. The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Israeli History Textbooks, 1948-2000. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey, 2002. A critical look at educational curricula and textbooks used in Israel and their evolution since the establishment of the state. The author assesses the impact of Zionist historiography on the portrayal of Arabs in Israeli textbooks.

Prior, Michael, ed. Speaking the Truth: Zionism, Israel and Occupation. Northampton, MA: Interlink, 2004. Eleven articles, with an introduction by Archbishop Desmond Tutu calling for the painful need of “Speaking the Truth.”

Rabin, Leah. Rabin: Our Life, His Legacy. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1997. The biography of Israel’s assassinated prime minister by his widow; the book provides interesting information on events and personalities that have shaped the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Rabinovich, Itamar. The Brink of Peace: The Israeli-Syrian Negotiations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998. Rabinovich, former Israeli Ambassador to Washington and former chief negotiator for Israel, examines the history of Arab-Israeli relations and particularly the details of Israeli-Syrian peace negotiations.

_________. Waging Peace: Israel and the Arabs 1948-2003, 2nd ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004. Rabinovich, former Israeli Ambassador to Washington and former chief negotiator for Israel, examines the history of peacemaking endeavors between Israel and her neighbors.

Rodgers, Peter. Herzl’s Nightmare: One Land, Two Peoples. New York: Nation, 2005. The former ambassador to Israel calls on both sides to end the ongoing damage to themselves and each other and and urges reconciliation.

Shafir, Gershon and Yoav Peled. Being Israeli: The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Account of the political sociology of Israel. Winner of the MESA Best Book Award for 2002.

Shapira, Anita and Derek Jonathan Penslar, eds. Israeli Historical Revisionism: From Left to Right. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2003. Essays by leading scholars on Israeli historians’ issues with the creation of the state of Israel, the 1948 war, Israel’s attitude toward Holocaust survivors, the “melting pot” absorption policy, and similar subjects.

Shindler, Colin. Israel, Likud and the Zionist Dream: Power, Politics, and Ideology from Begin to Netanyahu. London; New York: I. B. Tauris, 1995. A comprehensive analysis of the Likud ideology and practices.

Shlaim, Avi. The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World. New York: W.W. Norton, 2000. Oxford University professor provides critical analysis of Israel’s policies toward the Palestinians and the Arab world at large.

Silberstein, Laurence J. The Postzionism Debates: Knowledge and Power in Israeli Culture. New York: Routledge, 1999. Provides an account of the debate over Zionism and its implications for the future of Israeli identity.

Sprinzak, Ehud. The Ascendance of Israel’s Radical Right. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. A powerful critique of the rightist political forces that control the settlement movement on the West Bank.

van Creveld, Martin. Defending Israel: A Controversial Plan toward Peace. New York: Thomas Dunne, 2004. Dean of Israeli military historians offers a plan for almost total withdrawal from all occupied territories.

Yiftachel, Oren. Ethnocracy: Land and Identity Politics in Israel/Palestine. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. Trenchant study of Israeli approach to carving up the West Bank, which examines the consequences of settlement, land, development, and planning policies. The book ends with various future scenarios.

Yuval, Ginbar and Zvi Shulman. Demolishing Peace: Israel’s Policy of Mass Demolition of Palestinian Homes in the West Bank. Jerusalem: B’tselem, 1997. An Israeli investigation into the continuing destruction of houses in the occupied territories.

Zertal, Idith and Akiva Eldar. Lords of the Land: The War over Israel’s Settlements in the Occupied Territories, 1967-2007. New York: Nation, 2007. History of the Jewish settlement process in Gaza and the West Bank and how Israel nurtured the settlers through massive economic aid and legal sanctions.

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U.S. Policy

Albright, Madeleine. Madam Secretary. New York: Miramax, 2003. Former Secretary of State, who served during Bill Clinton’s two presidential terms, provides a first-hand account of the Oslo process and her role in it.

Carter, Jimmy. The Blood of Abraham. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1985. The former president’s reflections on the Arab-Israeli conflict, which led him to call for intensified efforts to bring peace to the Middle East.

Chomsky, Noam. Fateful Triangle: The United States, Israel and the Palestinians. Cambridge, MA: South End, 1999. Traces the roots of the U.S. alliance with Israel and the U.S. policies and economic and military interests. Forward by Edward Said.

Christison, Kathleen. Perceptions of Palestine: Their Influence on U.S. Middle East Policy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. A fine chronological account of the assumptions that have driven U.S. policy in the 20th century and that have biased it against the Palestinians, written by a former CIA analyst.

Clinton, Bill. My Life. New York: Vintage, 2005. Former U.S. president, who played a key role in the Arab-Israeli peace process between the years 1993-2001, writes about his life and experiences.

Davidson, Lawrence. America’s Palestine: Popular and Official Perceptions from Balfour to Israeli Statehood. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001. A sophisticated analysis of how the biblical and imperialist lenses through which the American public, as well as officials, viewed Zionism have also driven them to support the Zionist enterprise, while delegitimizing the aspirations of Palestinian Arabs.

Friel, Howard and Richard Falk. Israel-Palestine on Record: How the New York Times Misreports Conflict in the Middle East. London; New York: Verso, 2007. Analysis of the often one-sided Israeli coverage, under-reporting of Palestinian issues, and the lack of grounding in international law.

Hahn, Peter L. Caught in the Middle East: U.S. Policy toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1945-1961. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Detailed description of the period, and critical analysis of the U.S. role in failing to achieve Arab-Israeli reconciliation.

Institute for Palestine Studies. U.S. Official Statements, vols. I – V. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1992-94. U.S. government statements on refugees, Jerusalem, settlements, and the applicability of the Geneva Conventions and UN Resolution 242 to the occupied territories.

Matthews, Mark. Lost Years: Bush, Sharon, and Failure in the Middle East. New York: Nation, 2007. A journalist documents a series of opportunities to stem the bitter conflict, which lapsed through a combination of inattention, deliberate evasion, political pressure, and sheer blindness.

Mearsheimer, John J. and Stephen M. Walt. The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2007. Stirring much controversy, professors from the University of Chicago and Harvard, respectively, discuss the impact of the Israel lobby on U.S. foreign policy and whether this lobby works in the U.S. national interest.

Neff, Donald. Fallen Pillars: U.S. Policy Towards Palestine and Israel Since 1945. Washington, DC: The Institute for Palestine Studies, 1995. A critical appraisal of the U.S. approach to the Palestine problem, from Truman to Clinton.

Quandt, William B. Camp David: Peacemaking and Politics. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1986. An authoritative account of the 1978 Camp David talks by an American participant.

________. Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967, 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution; Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005. An excellent nonpartisan account, by a former State Department official and noted historian, of the U.S. role in the conflict.

Rabie, Mohamed. U.S.-PLO Dialogue: Secret Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1995. A first-hand account of the author’s effort, along with William Quandt, to open a dialogue between the U.S. government and the PLO during 1988-90.

Reinhart, Tanya. Israel/Palestine: How to End the War of 1948. New York: Seven Stories, 2002. Critique of Israel’s policies toward the Palestinians, linking Israel to America’s foreign policy in the region, and in particular to its war on terrorism.

Ross, Dennis. The Missing Peace: The Inside Story of the Fight of the Middle East Peace. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2004. A useful, though partisan, account of the Arab-Israeli negotiations by chief American negotiator.

Shadid, Mohammed Khalil. The United States and the Palestinians. New York: St. Martin’s, 1981. A critical analysis of U.S. policy from the Mandate period to Carter.

Slonim, Shlomo. Jerusalem in America’s Foreign Policy, 1947-1997. The Hague; Boston: Kluwer Law International, 1998. An assessment that criticizes the U.S. government for failing to recognize Israel’s sovereignty over Jerusalem.

Suleiman, Michael W., ed. U.S. Policy on Palestine: From Wilson to Clinton. Normal, IL: AAUG Press, 1995. Chapters by eleven authors outlining each president’s policies regarding the clash between Zionism and Palestinians.

Swisher, Clayton R. The Truth about Camp David: The Untold Story about the Collapse of the Middle East Peace Process. New York: Nation, 2004. Excellent critique of the U.S. and Israeli participation in July 2000 – January 2001 Camp David II negotiations. With Bregman and Enderlin, Swisher’s account is one of the best books on the Camp David 2000 talks, refuting the claim---advanced by Ehud Barak, Dennis Ross, and Bill Clinton---of sole Palestinian responsibility for their failure. Based on interviews with participants from all delegations. 

Telhami, Shibley. The Stakes: America and the Middle East: The Consequences of Power and the Choice for Peace. Boulder, CO: Westview, 2002. A useful analysis of U.S. policies in the Middle East and their attitudes toward the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Tschirgi, Dan. The American Search for Mideast Peace. New York: Praeger, 1989. An analysis of the dynamics and consequences of the U.S. pursuit of Arab-Israeli peace between 1967 and the PLO’s acceptance of Israel’s legitimacy in 1988.

________. The Politics of Indecision: Origins and Implications of American Involvement with the Palestine Problem. New York: Praeger, 1983. A heavily documented look at U.S. policymaking and its consequences in Palestine during the years 1939--48; the book pays particular attention to Washington’s responsibility for the anarchy at the end of the British Mandate.

Wilson, Evan M. Decision on Palestine: How the U.S. Came to Recognize Israel. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1979. U.S. diplomacy in the 1940s, in the context of Anglo-American relations as well as internal U.S. politics, with considerable emphasis on the positions adopted by the Department of State.

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Jerusalem and Christian Communities in Palestine

Armstrong, Karen. Jerusalem: One City, Three Faiths. New York: Ballantine, 2005. A journalist’s history of the conflicting religious claims to the holy city.

Asali, Kamal J., ed. Jerusalem in History. New York: Olive Branch, 2000. Articles by senior historians that cover Jerusalem’s history from the ancient period to the 1980s; the authors are generally sympathetic to the Palestinians.

Benvenisti, Meron. City of Stone: The Hidden History of Jerusalem. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996. Translated by Maxine Kaufman Nunn. A critical view of Israeli urban planning under mayor Teddy Kollek, by his former deputy mayor, including a critique of the various proposals to resolve the political conflict over the city.

Bovis, Eugene H. The Jerusalem Question, 1917-1968. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1971. A useful history of the issues with Jerusalem, including how to make the city an international one.

Cheshin, Amir, Bill Hutman, and Avi Melamed. Separate and Unequal: The Inside Story of Israeli Rule in East Jerusalem. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999. A sharp critique of Israeli policy under Teddy Kollek, by former advisors in the Jerusalem mayor’s office, who claim that official policies were designed to expropriate Palestinians’ land and force them out of the city. Two aides to former Jerusalem mayor Teddy Kollek also discuss persistent Israeli discriminatory practices against Palestinians of East Jerusalem since 1967.

Dumper, Michael. The Politics of Jerusalem Since 1967. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. A careful examination of Israeli land, education, and other policies toward East Jerusalem and the extent to which Palestinians have been able to maintain a presence in the rapidly transformed city.

__________. The Politics of Sacred Space: The Old City of Jerusalem in the Middle East Conflict. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2002. Review of relations between Jewish, Muslim, and Christian organizations, and between intra-religious factions, in Jerusalem’s Old City after 1967.

Duncan, Alistair. The Noble Sanctuary: Portrait of a Holy Place in Arab Jerusalem. London: Longman, 1972. Color photographs with a short historical description of al-Haram al-Sharif.

Elon, Amos. Jerusalem: City of Mirrors. Boston: Little, Brown, 1989. A secularist Israeli writer’s attack on religious fanaticism by all faiths.

Friedland, Roger and Richard Hecht. To Rule Jerusalem. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996. A lengthy ethnographic study on the struggle for Jerusalem.

Hummel, Thomas, Kevork Hintlian, and Ult Carmesund, eds. Patterns of the Past, Prospects for the Future: The Christian Heritage in the Holy Land. London: Melisende, 1999. Conference papers on cultural and political issues involving the Christian communities in Palestine.

Kreutz, Andrej. Vatican Policy on the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict: The Struggle for the Holy Land. New York: Greenwood, 1990. An analysis of the complex relations between the Vatican and the Palestine problem.

Kutcher, Arthur. The New Jerusalem: Planning and Politics. London: Thames & Hudson, 1973. A pioneering critique of Israeli policies, from an urban planning perspective.

O’Mahony, Anthony, ed. Christian Heritage in the Holy Land. London: Scorpion Cavendish, 1995. A useful collection of conference papers on the Christian communities in Palestine.

Palestinian Society for the Protection of Human Rights and the Environment (LAW). Land and Settlement Policy in Jerusalem. Jerusalem: LAW, 1999. A detailed examination of the constriction of Palestinian space inside Jerusalem.

Prawer, Joshua and Haggai Ben-Shammai. The History of Jerusalem: The Early Muslim Period, 638-1099. Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi; New York: New York University Press, 1996. An English translation of an impressive Hebrew study of medieval Jerusalem, which adopts an inter-disciplinary approach and covers Muslim, Christian, and Jewish views toward Jerusalem.

Roman, Michael and Alex Weingrod. Living Together Separately: Arabs and Jews in Contemporary Jerusalem. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991. A critical assessment of relations between Arabs and Jews in Jerusalem after 1967.

Segal, Jerome M. Is Jerusalem Negotiable? Jerusalem: Israel/Palestine Center for Research and Information (IPCRI), 1997. A short monograph on Israeli and Palestinian attitudes toward Jerusalem, which advocates separate sovereignty over certain areas and joint administration over others.

Segal, Jerome M., Shlomit Levy, Nadar Izzat Sa’id, and Elihu Katz. Negotiating Jerusalem. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000. An analysis by Israeli and Palestinian scholars of the negotiating strategies and their content in relation to Jerusalem.

Sennott, Charles. The Body and the Blood: The Holy Land’s Christians at the Turn of a New Millennium. New York: Public Affairs, 2001. The Boston Globe’s Middle East bureau chief writes about Christians in the Holy Land.

Tamari, Salim, ed. Jerusalem 1948: The Arab Neighbourhoods and Their Fate in the War. Jerusalem: The Institute of Jerusalem Studies; Bethlehem: Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residency and Refugee Rights, 1999. Essays on the Palestinian presence in Jerusalem before 1948 and the documentation of their properties that remain in West Jerusalem.

Tsimhoni, Daphne. Christian Communities in Jerusalem and the West Bank Since 1948: An Historical, Social, and Political Study. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993. An examination of the changes in Christian life within Jordan and Israel.

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Gender and Social Issues

Aburish, Said K. Children of Bethany: The Story of a Palestinian Family. London: Bloomsbury, 1988. Autobiographical account of family and social changes in a village near Jerusalem, emphasizing the dislocations caused by the 1948 and 1967 wars.

Augustin, Ebba, ed. Palestinian Women: Identity and Experience. London; Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Zed, 1993. Essays by Palestinian women on the West Bank and Gaza, with a focus on the Intifada.

Birzeit Women’s Studies Program. Palestinian Women: A Status Report. Birzeit, Palestine: Birzeit University, 1997. An ongoing series that provides an overview of Palestinian society, and addresses gender relations and the situation of women in specific sectors of contemporary life, including labor and the economy, social support, population and fertility, education, and politics.

Dabbagh, Nadia Taysir. Suicide in Palestine: Narratives of Despair. London: Hurst, 2005. The first real anthropological study of the phenomenon of suicide in the contemporary Arab world.

Fleischmann, Ellen L. The Nation and Its ‘New’ Women: the Palestinian Women’s Movement, 1920-1948. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003. Charts the rise of an indigenous feminism in Palestine, led primarily by urban, educated women of the upper and middle classes during the British Mandate period.

Giacaman, Rita. Life and Health in Three Palestinian Villages. London: Ithaca, 1988. A pioneering examination of the socioeconomic context and political realities that can impact the health conditions of women and children, written by a leading Palestinian community health specialist.

Gorkin, Michael and Rafiqa Othman. Three Mothers, Three Daughters: Palestinian Women’s Stories. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996. Interviews in 1994-95 with Palestinian women from different backgrounds who interweave their personal lives and their political concerns.

Hasso, Frances S. Resistance, Repression, and Gender Politics in Occupied Palestine and Jordan. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2005. Scholarly analysis of female and male activism in the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP).

Heiberg, Marianne and Geir Ovensen. Palestinian Society in Gaza, West Bank and Arab Jerusalem: A Survey of Living Conditions. Oslo: FAFO, 1993. An important survey that covered the health, education, status of women, employment, and political views of 2,500 Palestinian households on the eve of the Oslo Accords.

Kawar, Amal. Daughters of Palestine: Leading Women in the Palestinian National Movement. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996. Informative profiles of Palestinian female political activists.

Monterescu, Daniel and Dan Rabinowitz, eds. Mixed Towns, Trapped Communities: Historical Narratives, Spatial Dynamics, Gender Relations and Cultural Encounters in Palestinian-Israeli Towns. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2007. Essays on Palestinians and Jews living together in shared urban spaces and an exploration of issues such as identity, history, and social dynamics.

Moors, Annelies. Women, Property and Islam: Palestinian Experiences, 1920-1990. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995. A scholarly examination of evidence from the Nablus Islamic court as well as interviews; the conclusion is that women’s control over property depends on the way in which it was acquired and on the status of each individual woman.

Najjar, Orayb Aref, with Kitty Warnock. Portraits of Palestinian Women. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1992. Vivid images of women’s lives through interviews with 21 women on the West Bank.

Nakhleh, Khalil. The Myth of Palestinian Development: Political Aid and Sustainable Deceit. Jerusalem: Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs (PASSIA), 2004. A critical analysis of pre- and post-Oslo development aid and its political and societal impacts.

Nakhleh, Khalil and Elia Zureik. The Sociology of the Palestinians. New York: St. Martin’s, 1980. Articles by leading sociologists on Palestinians in Israel, the West Bank, Gaza, and Arab countries.

Rothenberg, Celia E. Spirits of Palestine: Gender, Society, and the Stories of the Jinn. Lanham, MD: Lexington, 2004. Ethnography of women in a contemporary Palestinian village intertwined with stories of the jinn, the spirit of possession.

Rubenberg, Cheryl A. Palestinian Women: Patriarchy and Resistance in the West Bank. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2001. A close analysis of the constraints imposed on Palestinian village and refugee women on the West Bank by the Israeli occupation, poverty, and conservative social norms.

Sabbagh, Suha, ed. Palestinian Women of Gaza and the West Bank. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998. A collection of articles on and interviews with Palestinian women, which emphasize the ambivalent impact of the Intifada on gender relations and the problems posed for the women’s movement by post-Oslo state building.

Sharoni, Simona. Gender and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: The Politics of Women’s Resistance. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995. The connections between political violence and violence against women and the impact of the Intifada on the Palestinian and Israeli women’s movements, as assessed by an Israeli feminist and peace activist.

Strum, Philippa. The Women Are Marching: The Second Sex and the Palestinian Revolution. Chicago: Lawrence Hill, 1992. An American feminist’s analysis of the emergence of Palestinian women into leadership roles on the West Bank.

Taraki, Lisa, ed. Living Palestine: Family Survival, Resistance, and Mobility Under Occupation. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2006. This volume examines how individuals and families live in the occupied Palestinian territories (OPT), cope with the occupation and a variety of limitations, negotiate their lives, and achieve personal and collective goals.

Tawil, Raymonda Hawa. My Home, My Prison. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1980. A Palestinian woman’s autobiography, covering her childhood in Israel, her marriage and restricted life on the West Bank, and her political and feminist awakening, when during the Israeli occupation she fostered dialogues between Israelis and Palestinians. She was ultimately placed under house arrest by the military government.

Warnock, Kitty. Land Before Honour: Palestinian Women in the Occupied Territories. New York: Monthly Review, 1990. A study of women’s lives on the West Bank, covering family roles, education, work in agriculture and industry, women’s organizations, and political life.

Yiftachel, Oren, Jo Little, David Hedgcock, and Ian Alexander. The Power of Planning: Spaces of Control and Transformation. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic, 2002. Leading Israeli political geographer addresses political aspects and societal impact of urban and regional planning.

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Economic and Water Issues

Abed, George T. The Economic Viability of a Palestinian State. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1990. An assessment of the economic aspects of Palestinian statehood by a former World Bank analyst.

_________, ed. The Palestinian Economy: Studies in Development Under Prolonged Occupation. London; New York: Routledge, 1988. Essays on the impact of the Israeli occupation on the economy of West Bank and Gaza.

Abu Kishk, Bakr. The Industrial and Economic Trends in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Vienna: ECWA/UNIDO, 1981. A UN-published critique of the economy under Israeli rule, by a Palestinian professor.

Amery, Hussein A. and Aaron T. Wolf, eds. Water in the Middle East: A Geography of Peace. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2000. Addresses water needs and the impact of water scarcity on the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Arnon, Arie, Israel Luski, Avia Spival, and Jimmy Weinblatt. The Palestinian Economy: Between Imposed Integration and Voluntary Separation. Leiden, The Netherlands; New York: Brill, 1997. A collection of comprehensive data on the West Bank economy (excluding Jerusalem), which tries to avoid political analysis and conclusions.

Assaf, Karen, Nader al-Khatib, Elisha Kally, and Hillel Shuval. A Proposal for the Development of a Regional Water Master Plan. Jerusalem: Israel/Palestinian Center for Research and Information (IPCRI), 1993. A pioneering plan for the equitable sharing of water, by Palestinian and Israeli water experts.

Awartani, Hisham. A Survey of Industries in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Birzeit: Birzeit University, 1979. An early effort to assess the status of industrialization, by a Palestinian scholar.

Bahiri, Simcha. Construction and Housing in the West Bank and Gaza. Boulder, CO: Westview; Jerusalem: West Bank Data Base Project, 1990. An Israeli critique of Israeli policies toward housing and the impact of these policies on the Palestinians.

_________. Industrialization in the West Bank and Gaza. Jerusalem: Boulder, CO: Westview; West Bank Data Base Project, 1987. An Israeli critique of the impact of Israeli policies on industrialization.

Baskin, Gerson, ed. Water: Conflict or Cooperation? Jerusalem: Israel/Palestinian Center for Research and Information (IPCRI), 1993. A collection of articles by Israeli and Palestinian experts on the crucial water issue.

Bregman, Arie. Economic Growth in the Administered Areas, 1968-1973. Jerusalem: Bank of Israel, 1975. An official Israeli report on the West Bank economy, which does not include Jerusalem.

_________. The Economy of the Administered Territories, 1974-75. Jerusalem: Bank of Israel, 1976. An addendum to the 1968-73 official report on the West Bank economy, excluding Jerusalem.

Brynen, Rex. A Very Political Economy: Peacebuilding and Foreign Aid in the West Bank and Gaza. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2000. An analysis of the complex relations between foreign donors and the Palestinian Authority, which criticizes Arafat’s personalistic rule but blames the poor Palestinian economic performance on Israel’s closing of the territories.

Center for Engineering and Planning. Water Conservation in Palestine: An Integrated Approach Towards Palestinian Water Resources Management. Ramallah: Center for Engineering and Planning, 1994. A thoughtful proposal for managing water resources, by Palestinian regional planners.

Cobham David, ed. The Economics of Palestine: Economic Policy and Institutional Reform for a Viable Palestinian State. London; New York: Routledge, 2004. Examines the reforms that would be necessary were a sovereign independent state of Palestine to be established on the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

Diwan, Ishac and Radwan Ali Shaban, eds. Development under Adversity: The Palestinian Economy in Transition. Washington, DC: World Bank, 1999. A solid assessment of the West Bank economy under Oslo by consultants to the World Bank.

Drury, Richard T. and Robert C. Winn with Michael O’Connor. Plowshares and Swords: The Economics of Occupation in the West Bank. Boston: Beacon, 1992. A useful analysis of the economy of the West Bank under Israeli rule.

Elmusa, Sharif S. Water Conflict: Economics, Politics, Law and the Palestinian-Israeli Water Resources. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1997. A thorough interdisciplinary treatment of the natural environment and control over water use; the book addresses how to achieve equity in the use and management of the aquifer and river systems.

Gharaibeh, Fawzi A. The Economies of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1985. A Jordanian economist’s assessment of the major economic transformations in the initial decades under Israeli rule.

Grossman, David and Amiram Derman. The Impact of Regional Road Construction on Land Use in the West Bank. Jerusalem: West Bank Data Base Project, 1989. A review of Israel’s road-building policies and how they impact the Palestinians.

Hazboun, Samir, Tariq Mitwasi, Wajih el-Sheikh, and Simcha Bahiri. The Economic Impact of the Israeli-PLO Declaration of Principles on the West Bank, Gaza Strip and the Middle East Region. Jerusalem: Israel/Palestinian Center for Research and Information (IPCRI), 1994. A review by Palestinian and Israeli economists of the economic implications of the Oslo Accords.

Isaac, Jad and Hillel Shuval, eds. Water and Peace in the Middle East: Proceedings of the First Israeli/Palestinian International Academic Conference on Water. Amsterdam; New York: Elsevier, 1994. The papers from a pioneering conference of Israeli and Palestinian scholars that assessed the problem of water on the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

Kahan, David. Agriculture and Water Resources in the West Bank and Gaza, 1967-1987. Jerusalem: West Bank Data Base Project, 1987. An Israeli scholar’s review of Israeli policies toward agriculture.

Khouja, N.W. and P.G. Sadler. Review of the Economic Conditions of the Palestinian People in the Occupied Arab Territories. Vienna: UNCTAD, 1981. A UN-supported critique of the economy of the West Bank and Gaza.

Lein, Yehezkel. Builders of Zion: Human Rights Violations of Palestinians from the Occupied Territories Working in Israel and the Settlements. Jerusalem: B’tselem, 1999. An Israeli investigation of the treatment of Palestinians who work for Israelis.

Lowi, Miriam R. Water and Power: The Politics of a Scarce Resource in the Jordan River Basin. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. An in-depth analysis of the history of the dispute over the Jordan River waters, before and after the 1967 war.

Rouyer, Alwyn R. Turning Water into Politics: The Water Issue in the Palestinian-Israel Conflict. Houndsmill, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave, 2002. The latest scholarly analysis of the centrality of water to Palestinian-Israeli relations.

Roy, Sara. The Gaza Strip: The Political Economy of De-development. Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1995. A meticulous study of the deep-set economic problems in Gaza, with an emphasis on the destructive impact of Israeli policies.

Semyonov, Moshe and Noah Lewin-Epstein. Hewers of Wood and Drawers of Water: Noncitizen Arabs in the Israeli Labor Market. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 1987. The first systematic study of the occupational and social status of workers from the West Bank and Gaza, based on data collected from 1969 to 1982.

Stevens, Georgiana G. Jordan River Partition. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1965. The classic study of the conflict over the Jordan River that led to the 1967 war.

Trottier, Julie. Hydropolitics in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Jerusalem: Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs (PASSIA), 1999. An investigation into the complex relations between the Israeli government, the Palestinian Water Authority, and village organizations.

Tuma, Elias H. and Haim Darin-Drabkin. The Economic Case for Palestine. London: Croom Helm, 1978. An important statement by a leading Palestinian economist and an Israeli urban planner about the feasibility of establishing a Palestinian state on the West Bank and Gaza that would be economically sustainable and would absorb a significant number of refugees.

Twite, Robin and Jad Isaac, eds. Our Shared Environment: Israelis and Palestinians Thinking Together About the Environment of the Region in Which They Live. Jerusalem: Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs (PASSIA), 1994. A thoughtful discussion of critical environmental issues.

Van Arkadie, Brian. Benefits and Burdens: A Report on the West Bank and Gaza Strip Economies Since 1967. New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1977. A pioneering critique of Israeli policies in the first decade of the occupation.

Wasserstein, Bernard. Israelis and Palestinians, Why Do They Fight? Can They Stop? 2nd ed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004. Examination of demographic, social, economic, environmental, and territorial dimensions of the conflict.

World Bank. Developing the Occupied Territories: An Investment in Peace, vols. I – VI. Washington, DC: World Bank, 1993. A massive set of reports on the Palestinian economy on the eve of Palestinian self rule.

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Culture, Art, and Archaeology

Abu al-Haj, Nadia. Facts on the Ground: Archaeological Practice and Territorial Self-Fashioning in Israeli Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001. Incisive analysis of the role of archaeology in Israeli society and its use in national and territorial struggles.

Amiry, Suad. Sharon and My Mother-in-Law: Ramallah diaries. New York: Pantheon, 2004. A compelling and humorous account of life under Israeli occupation.

Amiry, Suad and Vera Tamari. The Palestinian Village Home. London: British Museum Publications, 1989. A commentary on traditional Palestinian homes and lifestyles, by a Palestinian architect and artist.

Azar, George Baramki. Palestine: A Photographic Journey. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991. Beautiful color photographs of the Palestinian countryside and Palestinian protests during the Intifada.

Bartelt, Dana, Yossi Lemel, Fawzy El Emrany, and Sliman Mansour, eds. Both Sides of Peace: Israeli and Palestinian Political Poster Art. Raleigh, NC: Contemporary Art Museum, 1997. Striking reproductions of posters from the late 1980s and early 1990s that probe the themes of violence, peace, reconciliation, despair, and hope.

Boullata, Kamal. Faithful Witnesses: Palestinian Children Recreate Their World. Northampton, MA: Interlink, 1990. A Palestinian artist’s sensitive look at children’s art.

Brenner, Rachel Feldhay. Inextricably Bonded: Israeli Arab and Jewish Writers Re-Visioning Culture. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004. Examination of the literature of dissent and its innovative and illuminating impact.

Halaby, Samia A. Liberation Art of Palestine: Palestinian Painting and Sculpture in the Second Half of the 20th Century. New York: H.T.T.B Publications, 2004. Focus on this relatively under-appreciated aspect of Palestinian art, which has been likened to the Mexican murals.

Muhawi, Ibrahim and Sharif Kanaana. Speak Bird, Speak Again: Palestinian Arab Folktales. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989. Folktales from the Galilee, Gaza, and the West Bank, which display earthy, whimsical, and poignant aspects of Palestinian culture.

Nasser, Christiane Dabdoub. Classic Palestinian Cookery. London: Saqi, 2001. Recipes, anecdotes, and illustrations of cultural and celebratory traditions from different regions of Palestine.

Raheb, Mitri and Fred Strickert. Bethlehem 2000: Past and Present. Heidelberg, Germany: Palmyra, 1998. A beautifully illustrated description of the history, culture, religion, tradition, politics, and everyday lives of Bethlehem.

Rajab, Jehan S. Palestinian Costume. London; New York: Kegan Paul, 1989. An analysis of Palestinian traditional dress.

Said, Edward W. Out of Place: A Memoir. New York: Knopf, 1999. A memoir by a prominent Palestinian intellectual whose career spanned literature, politics, music, philosophy, and history and whose life in many ways epitomizes the Palestinian experience of exile and dispossession.

Semmerling, Tim Jon. Israeli and Palestinian Postcards: Presentation of National Self. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004. An attempt to portray national identities through postcards.

Shihab, Aziz. Does the Land Remember Me?: A Memoir of Palestine. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2007. A memoir of returning home to Palestine for a month, after four decades in the United States.

Shinar, Dov. Palestinian Voices: Communication and Nation Building in the West Bank. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1987. A valuable study of Palestinian media, theater, visual arts, poetry, and fiction in the occupied territories.

Stein, Rebecca L. and Ted Swedenburg, eds. Palestine, Israel and the Politics of Popular Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University, 2005. Fourteen essays focused on popular culture, including folk music, cinema, and fiction.

Stillman, Yedida Kalfon. Palestinian Costume and Jewelry. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1979. Black and white photographs and designs, with commentary on male and female clothing and jewelry from various parts of Palestine.

Tuqan, Fadwa. A Mountainous Journey. St. Paul, MN: Graywolf, 1990. Translated by Olive Kenny; poetry translated by Naomi Shihab Nye. Autobiography of a female Palestinian poet from Nablus.

Weir, Shelagh. Embroidery from Palestine. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2007. Former curator for Middle East Ethnography at the Museum of Mankind (British Museum) now at the University of London, is the most prominent specialist on Palestinian costumes and embroidery; she has written extensively on the subject.

_________. Palestinian Costume. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1989. Illustrated with 200 color and 100 black and white photos of Palestinian dress.

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Literature

Allen, Roger. The Arabic Novel: An Historical and Critical Introduction, 2nd ed. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995. An excellent analysis of the novel as a literary form and of twelve Arabic novels, including novels by Ghassan Kanafani, Halim Barakat, Jabra Ibrahim Jabra, and Emile Habibi.

Badr, Liana. A Compass for the Sunflower. London: The Women’s Press, 1989. Translated from the Arabic by Catherine Cobham. An intense and complex novel by and about a young Palestinian women who grows up on the West Bank and then becomes an activist in the PLO, living first in Amman and then Beirut.

Barakat, Halim. Days of Dust: A Novel. Wilmette, IL: Medina University Press International, 1974. Translated bv Trevor Le Gassick. A Lebanese sociologist’s evocation of the trauma of the June 1967 war through the eyes of Lebanese and Palestinian narrators living in Beirut, Amman, and the West Bank.

_________. Six Days: A Novel. Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1990. Translated by Bassam Frangieh and Scott McGhee. A novel about the siege of a Palestinian town by Israeli forces, which criticizes the behavior of the Palestinians in the face of this threat.

Barakat, Ibtisam. Tasting the Sky: A Palestinian Childhood. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2007. Describes the harsh realities of growing up as a Palestinian refugee, beginning with the Six-Day War.

Boullata, Issa J., ed. Modern Arab Poets, 1950-1975. London: Heinemann, 1976. Translated by Issa J. Boullata. An anthology that includes poems by the Palestinians Mahmud Darwish, Samih al-Qasim, Fadwa Tuqan, Jabra Ibrahim Jabra, Tawfiq Sayigh, Salma al-Khadra’ al-Jayyusi, and Fayiz Suyyagh.

Boullata, Kamal and Kathy Engel, eds. We Begin Here: Poems for Palestine and Lebanon. Northampton, MA: Interlink, 2007. Poems written in response to the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon, together with new poems catalyzed by the 2006 Israeli war on Lebanon.

Bouskila, Ami Elad. Modern Palestinian Literature and Culture. London; Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1999. Analysis of literature within the social and political context of Palestinian society; there is a particular focus on the literature that grew out of the Intifada period of 1987-93 and by Palestinians within Israel.

Caspi, Mishael Maswari and Julia Ann Blessing. Weavers of the Songs: The Oral Poetry of Arab Women in Israel and the West Bank. Washington, DC: Three Continents; Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1991. Bridal songs, lullabies, and lamentations created and sung by Palestinian women in Israel and the occupied territories.

Darwish, Mahmoud. Psalms. Pueblo, CO: Passeggiata, 1995. Poems by the premier Palestinian poet.

________. The Butterfly's Burden: Poems. Port Townsend, WA: Copper Canyon, 2007. Translated from the Arabic by Fady Joudah. Darwish's most recent poetry collection.

________. The Music of Human Flesh. London: Heinemann; Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1980. Translated by Denys Johnson-Davies. The first widely available English translation of Darwish’s poetry.

Elmessiri, Abdelwahab M., ed. The Palestinian Wedding: A Bilingual Anthology of Contemporary Palestinian Resistance Poetry. Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1982. A collection of Palestinian poems in both English and in their original Arabic.

Elmessiri, Abdelwahab M.and Nur Elmessiri, eds. A Land of Stone and Thyme: An Anthology of Palestinian Short Stories. London: Quartet, 1996. A collection of stories on exile, living in hostile cities, and dreams of paradise redeemed.

Habiby, Emile. The Secret Life of Saeed the Pessoptimist. New York: Interlink, 2002. Translated by Salma Khadra Jayyusi and Trevor Le Grassick. The story of the contradictions facing a Palestinian who becomes a citizen of Israel, by a prize-winning author in both Palestine and Israel.

Husseini, Hassn Jamal. Return to Jerusalem: Emerging Voices. London: Quartet, 1998. Novel by a member of a distinguished Jerusalem family.

Jabra, Jabra Ibrahim. Hunters in a Narrow Street. London: Heinemann, 1960. A Palestinian novel about a young man who flees Jerusalem in 1948 and becomes a professor in Baghdad, Iraq, where he gets caught up in the social and political tensions of that society.

_________. The Ship. Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1995. Translated by Adnan Haydar and Roger Allen. A novel about passengers on a Mediterranean cruise, who discover that they cannot escape from their past in Palestine, Iraq, and Lebanon. The Palestinian lost his identity when he lost Jerusalem and is now caught in an unending quest for wholeness.

Jayyusi, Salma Khadra, ed. Anthology of Modern Palestinian Literature. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992. A massive compilation of poems and short stories by Palestinians from Israel, the West Bank, Gaza, and the Diaspora.

Kanafani, Ghassan. All That’s Left to You: A Novella and Other Stories. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990. Translated from the Arabic by May Jayyusi and Jeremy Reed. A novella and short stories by a leading Palestinian writer and political activist, who lived in Beirut until his assassination in 1972.

________. Men in the Sun and Other Palestinian Stories. London: Heinemann; Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1978. Translated from Arabic into English by Hilary Kilpatrick. Short stories that treat the difficulties facing men who travel to Kuwait for work, the flight from Galilee in 1948, and one person’s decision to remain in Gaza rather than live in exile.

__________. Palestine’s Children: Returning to Haifa and Other Stories. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2000. Translated from the Arabic by Barbara Harlow and Karen E. Riley. Fifteen short stories (written for the author’s niece) about the child Mansur, who struggles against Israel before and after its establishment.

Kenan, Amos. The Road to Ein Harod. New York: Grove, 1988. Translated from the French by Anselm Hollo. Novel about an Israeli Jew fleeing to a safe haven after a military coup d’état in Israel; the Israeli Jew journeys with a Palestinian, traveling on the same road to a different destination.

Khalifa, Sahar. Wild Thorns. London: Saqi, 1985. Translated by Trevor LeGassick and Elizabeth Fernea. Novel of Palestinians’ struggle with the meaning of nationalism, resistance, and steadfastness as they cope with daily life under Israeli military rule on the West Bank.

al-Messiri, Abdul Wahab, ed. A Lover from Palestine, and Other Poems: An Anthology of Palestinian Poetry. Washington, DC: Free Palestine Press, 1970. A bilingual collection of poems by Mahmud Darwish, Samih al-Qassem, Tawfiq Zayad, Rashid Hussein, Salem Jubran, Fadwa Tuqan, Mu’in Basisu, and Abdel-Karim al-Sabaawi, illustrated by Kamal Boullata.

Nuweihed, Jamal Sleem and Salma Khadra Jayyusi, eds. Abu Jmeel’s Daughter & Other Stories: Arab Folk Tales from Palestine and Lebanon. New York: Interlink, 2002. These 27 traditional folk stories were written down shortly before Jamal Sleem Nuweihed’s death; she had recounted them to the children of her extended family over many years.

Nusseibeh, Sari with Anthony David. Once Upon a Country: A Palestinian Life. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2008. Personal memoir of a life and a country, told by the president and a professor of Al-Quds University.

Parmenter, Barbara McKean. Giving Voice to Stones: Place and Identity in Palestinian Literature. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994. A study of Palestinian poetry and prose, through which Palestinians express their relationships to land and exile.

Sabbagh, Karl. Palestine: A Personal History. New York: Grove, 2007. Chronicles a family’s history through Ottoman, British, and Israeli rule.

Shammas, Anton. Arabesques. New York: Harper & Row, 1988. Translated from the Hebrew by Vivian Eden. Novel by a Palestinian Israeli about the customs and mythical past of his village in Galilee and the flight of some family members to Lebanon in 1948, along with reflections on his current life.

Shehadeh, Raja. When the Birds Stopped Singing: Life in Ramallah under Seige. South Royalton, VT: Steerforth, 2003. Lawyer and founder of the human rights organization al-Haq describes life in Ramallah during the Israeli invasion and occupation, beginning in March 2002.

Siddiq, Muhammad. Man Is a Cause: Political Consciousness and the Fiction of Ghassan Kanafani. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1984. A brief biography and analysis of the writings of a leading Palestinian writer and political activist.

Vester, Bertha Spafford. Our Jerusalem: An American Family in the Holy City 1881-1949. New York: Arno, 1977. (Originally published in 1950 by Doubleday.) Personal diary of an American family in Jerusalem from the end of Turkish rule through the Six-Day War. Includes meetings with many famous expatriates, and the founding of the famous American Colony Hotel.

Yakhlif, Yahya. A Lake Beyond the Wind: A Novel. New York: Interlink, 1999. A novel that evokes everyday life in Samakh, a small town on the Sea of Galilee, and the disaster that befell its people in 1948.

Yehoshua, A.B. The Lover. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1985. An Israeli novel about the disorientation and sense of loss in Israel during and after the October war (1973); the novel focuses on the doomed love between a Jew and a Palestinian, who are both Israeli citizens and live in the port city of Haifa.

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